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International Journal of New Technology and Research

Impact Factor 3.953

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online Journal)
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Alexithymia, Hostility and Depression in Patients Suffering from Somatic Diseases

( Volume 2 Issue 8,August 2016 ) OPEN ACCESS

Balta GT, Karachalios T, Tsikrikas T, Angelopoulos NV


Purpose: To investigate the presence of Alexithymia, Hostility and Depression in patients suffering from acute and chronic somatic illnesses.

Methodology: 210 individuals participated: 55 patients with acute somatic illnesses, 47 patients with chronic somatic illnesses and 108 healthy subjects. They were assessed with the Beck Depression Index (BDI-21), the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Hostility and Direction of Hostility Questionnaire (HDHQ). Data selected and analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS).

Results: Chronic somatic patients exhibited higher scores on Depression and Alexithymia, compared to acute somatic patients (p<.000), while acute somatic patients exhibited higher Hostility scores, compared to chronic patients (p<.000). Both groups exhibited higher Depression, Alexithymia and Hostility scores compared to healthy subjects (p<.000).

Conclusions: Psychiatric symptomatology  in patients suffering from chronic somatic illnesses differs from psychiatric symptomatology  in patients suffering from acute somatic illnesses, when Depression, Alexithymia and Hostility were examined.



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