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Volume 5 Issue 8

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Palmprint Region of Interest (ROI) Extraction

Authors : Abdul Kareem Z. Mohammed, Jamila H. Saud

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palm print is one of most vital traits which play an important role in biometric system identification since its uniqueness for each individual. The problem with palmprint is how to extract region of interest (ROI) which have interesting information, some of ROI extraction consume more time or High error rate , the goal is to get better extraction rate, the proposed method covert image into gray scale, apply enhancement filter, convert into binary image to get cutting coordinates, and crop the enhanced image based on achieved coordinates. The proposed approach reach high degree of region of interest (ROI) extraction this approach was applied to more than one dataset,Delli Dataset, special built dataset … etc.

01-03
2

Title : School Counselling as a Function of Students Academic Engagement in Selected Secondary Schools in the North West Region-Cameroon

Authors : Einstein Moses Egebe Anyi

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The purpose of this study was to school counselling as a function of students’ academic engagement in selected secondary schools in the North West region of Cameroon.

Students’ academic disengagement becomes a serious issue as it prevents educational institutions from achieving educational quality and attaining stated objectives as well. It will further prevent students from fully participating in development processes of the society as many fail, stagnant and drop of the system. This work is based on the hypothetical premise that school counselling has a significant effect on students’ engagement in the secondary school. The study used data collected from school counsellors and students of secondary school; and simple random, and purposeful sampling techniques were used to obtain a sample size of 123 counsellors and 543 teachers of government secondary schools in the North West region of Cameroon. The quantitative approach was employed in data collection and analysis. In the quantitative approach, we constructed a questionnaire . Data collected was analyzed using the statistical package for social sciences (SPSS); and the following results were obtained in relation to the hypotheses of the study.

  1. Counsellor’s professional competences affect students’ engagements in the secondary school(p-value < 0.05)
  2. The quality of Counsellor /student relationship affects students’ engagements in the secondary school(p-value < 0.05)

Based on these results recommendations were made to education stakeholders.

04-10
3

Title : A Review on Wireless Sensor Node for Simultaneous Monitoring of Health Parameters in Dengue Patients

Authors : Shikha kamboo, Vipra Bohara, Laxmi Narayam Balai

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The wide speed enhancements & accepitance of wireless communication & networking techniques & miniatiazation of electronic circuits has created an ever increasing demand for automatic monitaning & logging of various processes & parameters human physiological & vital parameters also need tabe monifored & logged especially in the case of  elderly chonically ill or ander intensive case WBAN (wireless body area network) technologies are emerging day by day to provide for automated monitaning of various vital& non vitsl parameter of the human body the sfandarsds for medical WBAN are defined as IEEE 802.15.6   &IEEE802.15.6 WBAN allowe for weareable non invasive miniaturized sensor nodes to monitor various parameter & human baby  functions   this technology has the potiential to revobionize medice and allied industries especially telemedicine. Dengue ,is a vector generated disecase ,a type of painful fever ,with canse quential and life threating effects as sudden drop in blood pallet .this work is aimed at autenatic monitoring and logging of various vital parrameters of a dengue patient ,who needs continous monitaring ,The propased system ,implements measurement and software defined filtering of ECG Signals along with acquisition of temprature ,Spoz ,& Blood pressure (Systalic and Diastolic ) .All these parrameters are accquired by the sensor mode & Sent to the central service over TCP/IP protocol .The server also in corporades on artifical never all net work ,which analyzes all the parrameters and predicts patient over all health status and generates alomms in case of emmergencies.

11-16
4

Title : Toward New Ideas on the Control of Pesticide Application: A Low-cost Tunnel Sprayer for Vineyards

Authors : Antonio Odair Santos, Claudio Alves Moreira, Antonio Carlos Loureiro Lino, Hamilton Humberto Ramos

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 A prototype of recycling sprayer was tested in a vineyard with the aim to analyze the distribution of spray in the canopy leaves and the general spraying efficiency. The sprayer was developed atthe Instituto Agronômico (IAC) at the Centro de EngenhariaAgrícola, located in Jundiaí (São Paulo State, Brasil).The experiment was carried out from 2017 to 2109. The nozzles were fitted inside air spouts placed along vertical air ducts, located so that two converging air jets reached the canopy in two differentopposite positions. Two vertical panels (1,20m x 1,90m) were installed on the same folding arms on which the air ducts are placed.The machine was enabled to perform electrostatic spraying.Excess liquid collected on the bottom of the panels were sucked back into the tank by a micro hydraulic pump.The prototypewas submitted to field teststo verify theleaf spray coverage and the capability of the machine to save active ingredient during the spray.Leaf image analysis was used to study leaf spray coverage in field tests.The recycling device confirmed its efficiency with a saving of about 50% of active ingredients at the end of the treatments, and the use of electrostatic spray was beneficial for the leaf coverage uniformity, for spraying under highliquid pressure.

17-23
5

Title : Interpulation of Mechanical Properties of Polyvinylpyrolidone Surfacetant Assisted Nano Composite Laminates

Authors : Dyava Vishnu Vardhan Reddy

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The present study focuses on Fabrication and evaluation of mechanical properties of Surfactant (PVP-10) assisted Glass Fiber Reinforced polymers (GFRPs) packed with Low specific Multi-Walled Carbon Nano Tube (MWCNT) contents. The MWCNTs Reinforced GFRP laminates finds more potential applications in the fields of Radar Absorbing Structures (RAS) and sports instruments. In generally, the matrix system (Epoxy) in the Polymer Composite Laminates is modified with Nano-Fillers; namely, CNTs and CNFs (Carbon Nano Fibers) to increase strength of composite. In this study, the GFRP laminates are modified with 0.3%, 0.6%, 0.9% and 1.2% MWCNTs by Weight to escalate the mechanical properties; such as Tensile, Flexural, and Fatigue and also add considerable amount of Surfactant (PVP-10) for better homogeneous dispersion of MWCNTs in the epoxy system. The Fabrication and Testing methods are followed as per ASTM standards. The Tensile, Flexural tests were conducted for both with and without Surfactant assisted GFRP/MWCNT Composite Laminates. The Morphology of The Nano Composites, Delaminating mechanisms and Fiber-Matrix interfacial effects are perceived through Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) and Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM).

24-28
6

Title : Study of Evacuation Techniques in the Event of a Night Fire at a Dementia Group Home - Method of Transferring Evacuees from Their Beds to the Floor

Authors : Tomoya Miyasaka, Mai Matsumoto, Mamiko Kamoshida, Keiko Kawashima, Nobuhito Ohtsu, Takahiro Tsukame, Nobuyuki Abe, Hiroyuki Tamura

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Assuming a nighttime situation in a dementia group home, assistance operations were performed under the condition of 1 assistant, transfer from a supine position to the floor with full assistance, and a low bed (height = 0.4 m).  Assistance operations were performed under combinations of 4 conditions: starting assistance from the head side, starting assistance from the foot side, female assistants with male evacuees, and male assistants with female evacuees. The assistance time was analyzed by dividing it into three operation phases, and it was found that the operation time of female assistants was longer. Further, when assistance was started from the head side, it took longer to pull the evacuee to the front of the bed, whereas when assistance was started from the foot side, it took longer to lower the evacuee from the bed to the floor. Since the purpose of the assistance operation was to evacuate evacuees from a fire, the experimental results and techniques of shortening the assistance time were examined. Considering that assistance may be given by people who do not have much strength, we showed the possibility of utilizing tools to reduce friction during the operation, such as slide sheets, to help pull an evacuee on the bed, to the front of the bed. As regards the assistance operation of lowering an evacuee from the bed to the floor, a technique was suggested of holding the evacuee's feet, pulling the buttocks to the front of the bed, and after placing the feet on the floor, lowering the evacuee onto the floor from the buttocks, followed by the waist, back, head and neck.

29-34
7

Title : The Research on the Factors of Tourists' Willingness to Revisit in Tourism Marketing

Authors : Wu Chao-Sen

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This study explored the effect of tourism motivation, travel satisfaction and willingness to revisit Taiwan. A total of 350 copies of the questionnaire were issued, and 313 responses were deemed to be valid, yielding a return rate of 85.9%, and the data were analyzed using correlation Analysis, regression analysis and path Analysis. This study provided the following conclusions: 1. Tourism motivation and travel satisfaction had a positive effect on the willingness of tourists to revisit a destination. 2. Travel satisfaction acts as a mediator between tourism motivation and the willingness of tourists to revisit. It is also a key factor affecting the probability of tourists revisiting. As a result, the tourism industry must increase tourists’ travel satisfaction to increase the likelihood of them revisiting.

35-38
8

Title : Effect of Duration of Exposure to Vapors and Gases on Respiratory Symptoms and Pulmonary Function Test of Females

Authors : Alsadig E. M. Alghoull, Mukhtar M. S., Abd Alla A. Mohamed, Salwuy A Alriyah

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The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of duration of exposure to fumes, gases and chemical vapourson lung function tests. For this study, 174 females are selected. Their ages ranged from 15 to 40 years. The participants are classified into two groups by the virtue of the distance from the factories .The first group (n=71) is residing close to the local factories and west Zawia Electrical Station in Azzawia city.Females in this group are exposed to gases, fumes and chemical vapours and are regarded as the experimental (exposed) group. The second group is healthy females randomly selected from other places located 25-30 km distant from the factories and  an Electrical Station and is regarded as the control group (n = 103). Spirometric measurements including FVC, FEV1 and FEV1% are obtained by a standardized spirometer (Vitalograph limited-Spirometer), while measurements of PEFR are done with the use of a standardized Mini-Wright peak flow meter. Data are statistically analyzed by mean, standard error, and pairedt-test. All (P) values less than 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Statistical analyses revealed that FVC, FEV1 and PEFR are significantly higher in the control group (unexposed females) than in the experimental group. The mean values of FVC, FEV1, FEV1% and PEFR for the participantsof the control group are: 3.7 L, 3.1 L, 85 %, and 448 L/min respectively, whereas the results of their counterparts (exposed) are: 3.2 L, 2.7L, 81.1 %, and 412 L/min respectively.

39-42
9

Title : Evaluation of Acute Abdominal Pain Diagnosis using CT & MRI

Authors : Elhadi Araibi, Rajab M. Ben Yousef, Maryem M. Hemair, Fuzi M. Elkut

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Acute abdominal pain can be evoked by a wide range of abdominal abnormalities, including acute appendicitis, diverticulitis, cholecystitis, and bowel obstruction. Imaging plays an important role in the treatment management of patients because clinical evaluation results can be inaccurate. Different radiological techniques vary in their sensitivity and accuracy for detecting each pain-caused abdominal disorder. To evaluate the diagnostic value of these radiological techniques in detecting the cause of abdominal pain, comparison between MRI and CT scan was made. The study was conducted at Tripoli Medical Center in 2016 on a group of fifteen patients, who diagnosed with an acute abdomen and had an erect and supine abdominal X-ray, were studied; including six females and nine males with their age range from thirty-one up to sixty-six years old. All of them recommended to have an abdominal CT examination, and then they recommended also by their doctors to have an abdominal MRI for the final diagnosis, because the abdominal X-ray result does not give them enough information about those cases as the result sometimes was looks like normal.

In this study, we found: In eight cases (53.33%) of acute abdomen, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) gave more information than computed tomography scans (CT), In three cases (20%) of acute abdomen, computed tomography scans (CT) gave more details than magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). In four cases (26.66) of acute abdomen, the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computed tomography scans (CT), are gave the same information or details. In one case (6.66%), the abdominal X-ray result, and the computed tomography scan (CT) results were similar.

Conclusion: MRI can find changes in the structure of organs or other tissues. It also can find tissue damage or disease, such as infection or a tumor. MRI scan can sometimes find a problem in a tissue or an organ that is not seen by X-ray, ultrasound, or CT scan, even when the size and shape of the tissue or organ looks normal. And sometimes MRI test results may be different than those from CT, ultrasound, or X-ray tests because the MRI scan is more specific.

43-47
10

Title : Recent Techniques in Software Defined Network (SDN)

Authors : Abdulmunim A. Abdulsammad, Mahmood Z. Abdullah

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Accelerated development is the most discriminating characteristic of information technology.  It is no overstatement to declare that networks like other IT sciences have seen a great deal of innovation in hardware, applications, services, tools, etc. But the network's infrastructure is different from other information technology, which has remainedunchanged in its old structure, and now is the time of the SDN technology revolution. This paper presents the recent techniques and protocols for Software-defined network and their differences with traditional networks and also discusses their structure in a simplified way.

48-51
11

Title : Factors Associated with Stress among Nursing Students in Pokhara

Authors : Keshav Lamichhane

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This study aims to find the factors associated with stress among nursing students in Pokhara. For this purpose, information was collected from all the one hundred ten nursing students studying proficiency certificate level in Charak Academy, Pokhara by using structured questionnaire. A purposive sampling technique was applied to collect data from all the nursing students. Chi-square test was applied to find the factors associated with stress.

Univariate analysis shows that the stress is low among PCL third year students while stress is high among first- and second-year students. More than half of the students have low stress among nurses in age group 17-21year as compared to 60 percent to nurses in age group 22-25 year. Likewise, the level of stress is high among nurses from nuclear family (52.8%) as compared as 23.8% nurses in joint family.

Bivariate analysis (chi square) shows that the majority of the variables are not significantly related to the stress, however educational level and family type are found significantly related to the stress among the nurses.

52-55