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International Journal of New Technology and Research

Impact Factor 3.953

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online Journal)
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Volume 5 Issue 5

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Title : Bus Route Optimization and Scheduling In Hyderabad City Using Arc-Gis in Association with Lumiplan Pvt. Ltd.

Authors : Noble Jose, Vincy Verghese, Dr. Anitha Jacob

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Transportation is the movement of people or goods from one place to other place. It is the backbone of each economy. Different modes includes air, water, rail and road. The two important things considered before journey are, the route and the mode to reach the destination. The fleet management, logistics, and networking has got huge importance in this century. So without the above mentioned, the transportation system won’t be efficient. Public transportation is one of the most important mode of transportation which is being used by the common people. So proper optimized schedule results in increased dependence on public transportation system, that ultimately reduce the traffic congestion, pollution etc.                This project will be focussing on the city bus route system in Hyderabad, includes two pilot routes named route 40 (Secunderabad to Koti) and route 86J (Secunderabad Rathfile to Kesari hanuman Temple). The project is given to the French company in ITS field named LUMIPLAN ITS by the TSRTC (Telangana State Road Transport Corporartion)


Title : The Effects of Collaborative Writing through Facebook on Pupils’ ESL Writing Apprehension

Authors : Audrey Shalini Ananthan, Dr. Nur Ehsan Mohd Said

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The purpose of this study was to determine how using Facebook in collaborative writing effects ESL students’ apprehension towards writing. A quasi-experimental study was conducted with one class of 46 year four ESL students from an urban primary school who were chosen through purposive sampling. The students were later divided into two groups: controlandexperiment.Withina9-hourengagementsessionvia Facebook, the student were exposed to virtual collaborative writing exercises with their fellowclassmates.To gauge the level of apprehension among these students, a pre and post-test was conducted.The data were analyzed using inferential statistics as well as an analysis of the open-ended questions and interviews. The quantitative results showed that there were significant effects of using Facebook in collaborative writing on ESL students’ writing apprehension level, (M=6.27, SD= 11.80),t

(21) = 2.49, p<0.05. However, the qualitative analysis on the interviews and open-ended responses of the questionnaires revealed both positive and negative feedback. It was also found thatthestudentshadbecomemoreawareofthebenefitsinusing Facebook in collaborative writing and of the features of Facebook which had assisted them in their writingactivities.


Title : The Effect of the Metacognitive Strategies in The Problem Solving Skills of College Algebra Students

Authors : Ma. Elena S. Casaig

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This study aims to determine the effect of metacognitive processes in the problem solving skills of the students.  It employed the quasi-experimental matching-only pre-test and post-test research design and utilized the two intact sections with 19 matched- paired first year students coming from the two sections of Bachelor of Science in Office Administration and Bachelor of Science in Entrepreneurship students enrolled at Carlos Hilado Memorial State College–Fortune Town Campus during the second semester of school year 2016-2017. One section was exposed to metacognitive strategies as the experimental group and the other section as the control group exposed to the traditional method of teaching. Results of the study showed that problem solving skill of both the control group and experimental group is “novice” before their exposure in the concepts and problem solving in Algebra. After the experimental group were exposed to the concepts and problem solving using the metacognitive strategies, their posttest scores increased to “developing” problem solver. However, the control group after they were exposed to the concepts and problem solving only is still novice problem solver. There was no significant difference in the pretest problem solving skills of the control and experimental group of students; there was a significant difference in the pretest and posttest problem solving skills of traditional group of students; there was a significant difference in the pretest and posttest problem solving skills of the metacognitive group of students; there was a significant difference in the problem solving skills of the control and metacognitive group of students after exposure to the concepts and problem solving in Algebra; there was a significant relationship between problem–solving skills and metacognition skills of the students. Students who utilized metacognitive strategies during the course of problem solving enhanced their problem–solving skills since they could regulate their thinking processes, thus, making them aware of what they were going to do to solve the problem. The results of this study were taken as bases for developing a Learning Model on Metacognition.


Title : Quality of Raw Milk Delivered by Rural Producers for a Dairty Factory in the Southwest Region of Paraná, Brazil

Authors : Gisele Arruda, Izabel Aparecida Soares, Léia Carolina Lucio, Claudicéia Risso Pascotto, Letícia Dolisne, Maiara Cristina de Cesaro, Larissa Salla, Caroline Baldessar Dalmolin, Franciele Aní Caovilla Follador

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Milk is a natural food, rich in several nutrients which help in the development of organisms and functions as nutrition for most species. In order for this food to guarantee its nutritional value, it must follow some physical, chemical and microbiological standards. In this work, the physical-chemical quality of the milk produced in the city of Saudade do Iguaçu, Paraná, was evaluated, delivered to a large dairy factory for food production. Fifteen samples of raw milk were collected, which were submitted to analysis of acidity, fat, cryoscopy, density, presence of antibiotic, alkaline substances, chlorides and starch. Comparing the results obtained to the standards of the Normative Instruction 51/2002, it was confirmed that the densities of the samples were normal. For acidity, there was a non-standard result (sample 11); in the cryoscopy there were two results that did not fit the parameters (sample 1, sample 11), and for fat two samples had a high value (sample 8, sample 11). Samples 1 and 11 were not suitable for production and consumption of dairy products, and proper disposal of samples was necessary. Most of the samples presented satisfactory results according to the legal standard of the federal health legislation of milk quality.


Title : Clinical Review on the Main Pathologies Related To the Nuclear Envelope

Authors : Herica Morais da Silva, Dara Dos Santos Souza, Magno De Oliveira, Wolney Jácomo, Isabela Maria Agustini da Silveira Bastos, Augustus Caeser Franke Portella, Talita Pereira de Sousa Ferreira, Dalmarcia de Souza Carlos Mourão, Marcos Vinicius Giongo Alves, Aloísio Freitas Chagas Junior

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The study on the nuclear envelope has become of great importance in scientific research in a multidisciplinary way. The nuclear blade gains more space in research for having a directrelation ship in the development of a typical genetic diseases, attributed as laminopathies. Nuclear laminaria have architecture with diverse attributions, consequently grants mechanical and support actions, stabilizes and organizes the chromatin, during the process of DNA replication, RNA synthesis and the balance of gene expression. These multiplicities of processes denote that genetical terations influence with great expression, as can beseen in Laminopathies.The methods used for this work were based on the methodology of the article Experimental Planning Factorial: Abrief Review of (OLIVEIRA et al., 2018). As a result of the studies made, a wide range of diseases, little known, was mad eexplicit. That previously had hardly their roots of emergence associated with apart, considered untilth enlittle important in the scientifics cope of the cellular studies, like the Nuclear envelope. In this way, one can attribute the emergence of distinct pathologies, which are manifested in different parts of the body, including muscular, cardiovascular, subcutaneousa diposetissue among others. With such advances on the nuclear envelope, and on its importance in disease development, there is the opportunity of discoveries of new forms of medical treatments and prevention methods (possible), this realistic basis is toosubstantial.


Title : An Experimental Study of the Effect of Machining Parameters on TiB2 /Graphite/Magnesium Reinforced Aluminum 7075 Fabricated Composite by Stir Casting on CNC Lathe for Surface Roughness and Cutting Force by using Taguchi Design

Authors : Rajender Singh, Anil Kumar Sharma, Dilip Gahlot

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In this experimental study, three TiB2,Graphite and Magnesium reinforced aluminum 7075 matrix composite with 20 µm in mean size were fabricated by using bottom pouring stir casting technique. Experimental test was conducted to find the machining parameter influencing surface roughness (Ra) and Cutting Force (FZ) on machining the TiB2,Graphite and Magnesium reinforced aluminum 7075 composite material. The orthogonal array, the signal-to-noise ratio and analysis of variance were employed to study the performance characteristic in turning on CNC machine of 0, 4, 8 and 12 wt% of TiB2 and Graphite and 1 wt% of Magnesium particles reinforced aluminum 7075 metal matrix composite. Taguchi technique was used to find the optimal cutting factors for surface roughness (Ra) and cutting force (FZ).The factors considered were wt% of reinforcement, spindle speed, feed rate and depth of cut. The experimental plan and analysis was based on the Taguchi L16 orthogonal array with four factors. The optimal parametric combination for surface roughness and cutting force was found to be wt% reinforcement, spindle speed, feed rate and depth of cut. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) results show that the feed is the most significant factor for surface roughness followed by depth of cut/reinforcement. From cutting force data also, it is clear that the spindle speed is most significant factor followed by depth of cut.


Title : Study for the Development of A System of Measurement of the Dynamic Characteristics of Trans-Femoral Prostheses: Measurements of Differing Knee Joint Characteristics

Authors : Takeshi Tsuruga, Hiroyuki Iino, Akihiko Takashima, Kanou Yoshida, Tomohiro Nomura, Hiroyuki Matsubara

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Test subject participation has generally been essential in assessing the performance of trans-femoral prosthetic components, but it inherently poses the problem of test subject gait fatigue hindering reproducibility, limits reiteration number, and introduces non-objective aspects. We are conducting a series of studies to develop a system for trans-femoral prostheses evaluation to assess knee joints with previously unattainable objectivity. In the present study, we apply this system in its present form to measure the simulated gait actions of trans-femoral prostheses containing different knee joints, one with a bouncing mechanism and the other with a weight stabilizing mechanism. The results show that the system can provide measurements of the characteristics of the differing knee joints in respect to ground reaction force and joint angles.


Title : Covert Image Transmission over an Unsecured Channel Using Hybrid Steganography & Cryptography with Biometric Authentication

Authors : Gaurav Sharma, Vipra Bohra

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The existing method was further extended with the transmission of covert image with the use of steganography and cryptography with the generation of variable length key which gets created through the minutia. The transmission side is being used for sending the covert image under cover image and is being steganographed. The variable key so generated is used for encryption of the image using mixed key cryptography the recovery exist at the receiver end with the retrieval of encrypted image which is decrypted to get the crypto image. As the process goes we receive the cover image and covert image. Steganography is that the methodology of activity secret information within any style of digital media. the most plan behind steganography is to cover the existence of a knowledge in any medium like audio, video, image etc. once we name image steganography, the thought is kind of easy. Pictures are created from picture elements that sometimes sit down with the colour of that individual pixel. The LSB steganography being Least significant bit, the thought behind LSB embedding is that if we modify the last bit worth of a picture element, there won’t be a lot of visible amendment within the color. In cryptography, a hybrid cryptosystem is one which mixes the convenience of a public-key cryptosystem with the potency of a symmetric-key cryptosystem. Public-key cryptosystems are convenient therein they are doing not need the sender and receiver to share a typical secret so as to speak firmly (among different helpful properties). However, they typically have confidence difficult mathematical computations and ar therefore usually way more inefficient than comparable symmetric-key cryptosystems. In several applications, the high price of encrypting long messages during a public-key cryptosystem is preventive. The biometric authentication could be a security method that depends on the distinctive biological characteristics of a private to verify that he's WHO is says he's identity verification systems compare a biometric information capture to keep, confirmed authentic information during a information. If each samples of the biometric information match, authentication is confirmed. Typically, identity verification is employed to manage access to physical and digital resources like buildings, rooms and computing devices.