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Volume 5 Issue 3

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : The Importance of Festivals as Social Phenomenon in Romania

Authors : Gabriela Elena CSOKA

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In this society increasingly globalized and multicultural, to cope with cultural diversity has become a major challenge. The migratory waves and the successive enlargement of the European Union have put European peoples and cultures in continuous contact and in the position of exchanging each other so that living in a multicultural community has become something normal for millions of people. Festivals have played a fundamental role in this process since the different cultural trends and phenomena closely related to the issue of immigration and intercultural communities can find in this festive atmosphere an ideal setting to express themselves freely and pacifistically. Festivals have always promoted the protection of the fundamental right to freedom of expression and their programs have catalyzed the circulation of ideas and people, the creation of peaceful coexistence and the promotion of an active European citizenship. Cultural diversity, intercultural dialogue and the economic impact of culture now occupy a leading role in the European Union agenda, the aim of which is to create an even closer link between the European peoples and to give all citizens the opportunity to participate actively in intercultural dialogue so as to strengthen the coexistence of different cultural beliefs and identities, while at the same time highlighting their common heritage and recognizing and respecting the differences between individual and local experiences.

01-04
2

Title : Bio-marker Detection for Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes using Deep Learning

Authors : Abdul Azeez K, Aravindan M, Adhirai Nandhini A, Tejeswinee K

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In developing countries like India, non-communicable diseases such as diabetes have already replaced communicable diseases as the major cause of death. According to data from the International Diabetes Federation(IDF) and 14 cohort studies (representing more than 60 percent of the world population with type 2 diabetes), researchers estimated the burden of type 2 diabetes in 221 countries and territories between 2018 and 2030 and IDF pegs the number of patients with diabetes in India at 65.1 million (it was 50.8 million in 2010) and the number is expected to cross 100 million by 2030 .The number of adults with type 2 diabetes is expected to rise over the next 12 years due to ageing, urbanization, and associated changes in diet and physical activity. In this paper the authors focus on diagnosis of diabetes using the various machine learning techniques of data mining. And, authors have compared various classification techniques such as Naive Bayes, KNN, Adaboost, SVM, Decision tree algorithm J48,Random forest. And three well-performing feature selection algorithms namely, Correlation Feature Subset Selection (CFS), Information Gain(IG) and Gain Ratio (GR) are used to obtain the optimal features contributing to the  diabetes disease. Further, Incremental Feature Selection(IFS)  techniques are applied to further reduce the feature subset from the optimal feature set. 

05-11
3

Title : Student Marks Reporting System via Email and SMS

Authors : Abirami V, Narayana K.E, Chandhnee P, Anandh V

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The Student Marks Reporting System allows the teachers to report the student’s academic performance to their parents via electronic mail and short message service. Further the system also sends the short message in Tamil so that those parents who aren’t that familiar with English. The  text message is sent to the contact number and email that is specified in the file uploaded.

12-14
4

Title : Barriers in Access to Health Care Services among Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender (LGBT)

Authors : Priya Darshani Giri, Anup Adhikari, Mamata Pradhan, Ishu Yogi, Sudip Khanal

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Health is one of the fundamental rights of every human being without distinction on any basis. Yet,the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender population still suffer from prejudice and discrimination in access and use of these serviceswhich place disparities in health status between sexual- and gender-minority and heterosexual individuals. The purpose of this Descriptive cross-sectional study was to assess the barriers in access to health care services among the Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) individuals within the Kathmandu Valley using Semi-structured questionnaires. This study was conducted among 87 LGBT participants including 49.9% Cisgender, 50.6% Transgender,50.6% heterosexual, 46% homosexual, and 3.4% bisexual individuals. Only28.7% of them faced physical barriersi.e.,toilet 76% and registration forms 76%, changing room 36%, wards 24%, gender binary queues 20%, and Age of <21 (p=0.035)and Homosexual group (p=0.021) statistically significant with behavioral barriers. However, Age of group >38(p=0.001), respondent with secondary level (p=0.005) and socially open about own sexual orientation and gender identity associated with Psychological barriers.

15-20
5

Title : Evaluation of the Antibacterial Activity of Bark Extracts from Anadenanthera colubrine (Vell.) Brenan (Fabaceae Lindl)

Authors : Aneli Bernart Vannini, Rosa Cristina Gallassini Tonini, Tchonatan Carles Sturn, Sideney Becker Onofre, Franciele Aní Caovilla Follador, Gisele Arruda

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The use of natural products for medicinal purposes is the most ancient practice of mankind for the cure, prevention and treatment of diseases, because they are a major source of biologically active compounds. Plants have a secondary metabolism that allows them to produce and store compounds of varied chemical nature; these are distributed differently among the taxonomic groups, have varied biological properties and ecological functions, and are characterized by their different uses and applications, such as in medicines, insecticides, herbicides and perfumes. They are also called natural products. Plants represent an endless source of metabolites that are biologically active and are an important ally of humans in their search for new molecules. This study evaluated the antibacterial activity of two hydro-alcoholic extracts from the bark of Anadenanthera colubrina. For the antibiosis essays, the extracts were diffused into agar and tested against two microorganisms, Escherichia coli and Staphylococcus aureus. Discs of filter paper (5 mm in diameter) were saturated with different concentrations of the extracts and employed. Both extracts showed antimicrobial activity against E. coli and S. aureus; the extract obtained by allowing the solution to rest was more effective at inhibiting growth. The Minimal Inhibitory Concentration for both extracts was 50%, which caused inhibition halos of 11.21 mm (E. coli) and 10.05 mm (S. aureu). The rested extract, at a concentration of 50%, produced inhibition halos that were 13.05 mm (E. coli) and 17.45 mm (S. aureus).

21-24
6

Title : Attitude of Undergraduate Nursing Students towards Mental Illness

Authors : Lt Col Sindhu Gopal, Brig Punita A Sharma, N/C Athira R

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Background :Health care professionals are not immune to social prejudices and surprisingly share the general public’s attitude attributed to people with mental illness. Recruitment and retention of mental health nurses is challenging. Undergraduate nursing students’ attitude towards mental health nursing may influence whether they choose to practice in this speciality upon graduation. Nursing students are future health manpower. Research related to nursing student’s attitudes towards mental illness is limited.

Objectives: The objective of the study was to assess the attitude of undergraduate nursing students towards mental illness of a selected nursing institution in an urban setting prior to their psychiatric clinical exposure.

Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the attitude of undergraduate nursing students towards mental illness prior to their clinical experience in psychiatric ward. Data was collected over a period of 02 week by administering a standardized attitude assessment scale. Attitude regarding mental illness was assessed and associated with demographic variables including age, type of family, religion, marital status of parent, family history of mental illness and previous knowledge regarding psychiatry.

Result: The study showed a highly negative attitude among undergraduate nursing students towards mental illness. The study showed that 33.34% undergraduate nursing students had more positive attitude and 66.66% were towards a higher negative attitude.                                            Conclusion: Within the limits of the study, the result assessed attitude of undergraduate nursing students towards mental illness prior to their psychiatric clinical experience.

25-30
7

Title : Dental Caries Scenario among 5, 12 And 15 Years Old Children Attended Universiti Teknologi MARA Dental Clinic: Nine Years Retrospective Study

Authors : Nur Sabrina Shes Su’eiba, Nur Syara Abd Wahid, Luay Thaoon Younis, Izyan Hazwani Baharuddin

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Objective: To identify the dental caries scenario in children age 5, 12 and 15 attended UiTM dental clinic from 2008 – 2016. Methods: Records of patients treated at the clinics during a ten year period were evaluated. Patients with caries records in deciduous teeth were included in the study. A table was prepared in Excel spreadsheet to extract the data. The data was searched for dental caries prevalence in index age group (5, 12 and 15 years old) separately and following data was extracted: age, gender, years and DMFT index. The database was set up in Microsoft Office 2010 Excel, was submitted and analyzed in the Statistical Analysis Systems program (SPSS 23) using Pearson Chi-Square analysis. The significance level for all the analysis was set at P<0.05. Results: There is a significant difference in the prevalence of caries of 9 years data collected (P=0.048). The highest percentage of caries prevalence (68.1%) was observed in year 2010. Meanwhile the lowest percentage of caries prevalence (56.4%) was observed in year 2013. The mean for DMFT in 2010 was 3.62 (σ = 4.019) while in 2013 the mean for DMFT was 2.82 (σ = 3.873). Caries prevalence in 2008 was 60.5% (σ = 2.093); while in 2016, it was 57.6% (σ = 4.360). Conclusion: The results showed that the prevalence of dental caries was fluctuating throughout the years, which would indicate that there is a need for improvement in the oral health service and more strategic preventive measures must be implemented.

31-35
8

Title : Cloud Computing- A Boon To The Pharmaceutical Sector

Authors : Stuti Shrimal, Shweta Sharma, Bhaarat Kotak

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The pharmaceutical industry’s primal motive is discovering, developing and producing pharmaceutical drugs for medication. Technological innovations and advancements are an inevitable part of the job for people working in the pharmaceutical sector, so it is critical that learning takes place with these industry- specific challenges in mind. Whether it is determining patient preferences, conducting a drug trial, defining an individual’s market access strategy or leveraging technology to communicate complicated concepts to patients or staff, pharmaceutical industry learning is a rapidly-changing and dynamic field. In this paper, the categories and service models of cloud computing, its technological intelligence, wide range of applications in medical services and healthcare, and challenges in today’s generation with respect to the pharmaceutical sector are presented. The Microsoft Cloud empowers organizations of every size to re-envision the way they bring together people, data, and processes that better engage customers and patients, empower employees  and care teams, optimize clinical and operational  effects, and digitally create a transformation in health.

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9

Title : Influence of School Environment on Students’ Academic Performance in Technical Colleges in Rivers State

Authors : Thomas Chinujinim Godstime, Engr. Amaechi O. Joseph

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The study investigated the influences of school environment on students’ academic performance in technical colleges in Rivers State. Four research questions were raised which guided the study. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The study population was 561, comprised of 141 teachers and 420 year III students in four technical colleges in Rivers state that were used as respondents without sampling. A questionnaire structured based on a 5-point rating scale of Very High Extent =5, High Extent =4, Moderate Extent =3, Low Extent =2 and Very Low Extent =1. The instrument was validated by three specialists from the Faculty of Education, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt. The reliability of the instrument was established by administering copies of the instrument to 30 respondents at Federal Technical and Science College, Ahoada who are not part of the study population but has similar characteristics with the study population. The researchers visited the schools in person and administered copies of the questionnaire to the respondents with the help of two other research assistants who are staff in the various institutions under study.  This method guaranteed that all copies of the instrument which were administered on face to face to the respondents on the first visit were retrieved immediately they were completed. This ensured a 100% returned rate and all the returned instrument were found useable and considered adequate for the analysis. The data collected from the respondents were analyzed using mean and standard deviation to answer the research questions and decisions were taken based on real limit. The study found that to a high extent school buildings, technical workshop library facilities, and location of school influences students’ academic performance in technical colleges in Rivers State. It was recommended among others, that adequate and conducive classroom building to be provided in the public schools to help promote effective teaching for students improved academic achievement. That technical workshop and library facilities be provided in technical colleges in Rivers State. 

40-48
10

Title : Existence and Uniqueness of Optimal Cotrol of Impulsive Quasi-Linear Fractional Mixed Volterra–Fredholm- Type Integro - Differential Euations in Banach Spaces with Multiple Delays in the Control

Authors : Paul Anaetodike Oraekie

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The Impulsive Quasi - Linear Fractional Mixed Volterra - Fredholm – Type Integro – Differential Equations in Banach Spaces with Multiple Delays in the Control is presented for controllability analysis. Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the Existence of an Optimal Control for the System are established. The mild solution of the system is established using the variation of constant formula. The set functions upon which our study hinged were extracted. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the establishment of the uniqueness of the system were derived. Use was made of some controllability standards to establish results. The establishment of the uniqueness of the optimal control provided a new approach for the proof of the existence of an optimal control of any dynamical control system. The main result is built on the maximization of a set function; a technique drawn from the calculus of variation.

49-60
11

Title : Note on the Null Controllability of Semi Linear Integro-Differential Systems in Banach Spaces with Distributed Delays in Control

Authors : Oraekie Paul Anaetodike

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Semi linear Integrodifferential Systems in Banach spaces with Distributed Delays in Control of the form is presented for controllability analysis .Necessary and Sufficient Conditions for the systems  to be null controllable are established. Uses were made of the Unsymmetric Fubinis’ theorem and some Controllability Standards. The mild solution of the system was obtained using the variation of constant formula. From this mild solution, we extracted the set functions upon which our studies hinged.

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12

Title : Natural Disaster Relief Management Using Dynamic Key Algorithm in Cloud Environment

Authors : Dr. G. Ravi Kumar, Dr. S. Gunasekaran, Muthu Kumar P, Sanjay R, Jom Sebastian, Vasanth Kumar K

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Natural disaster is happening all around the world with vulnerable effects to life and property. The disaster occurred in Chennai and Kerala cause severe effects and there arise a necessity for developing a New Internet based Android application that provides a platform for donating basic necessary items like food, clothes etc.., to all needy people/organizations. The number of smart phone users are increased thus the disaster management system was implemented as a smart phone application. During the period of disaster, the activity relief is not well-coordinated. For the efficient provision of rescue and relief to disaster –affected areas, this system has been developed. The disaster management system Android application determines the optimum route using geographical locations that help the volunteers and rescuers to serve the most number of people who affected in the disaster area at shortest possible time. Dynamic key algorithm was applied for secured cloud environment and geographic location were accessed by the Google Map service. 

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13

Title : Wave Equation of a Particle with the Exponential Hamiltonian in the Gravitational and Electromagnetic Field

Authors : N. Perković, M. Stojić

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This paper presents a unified view of the relativistic motion of a particle in the gravitational and electromagnetic field. Deliberationhas been carried out withinthe Dirac quantum mechanical theory by using exponential metrics. This theoretical concept brings us to an algebraic sixth-degree equation and solving the equation isa complex mathematical problem. In this paper, we show the solutionfor a basic state of the system and indicated quantum gravitational effects in the area of Planck dimensions.

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14

Title : Integration of SVM with Artificial Fish Swarm Algorithm for Blood Tumour Prediction

Authors : Ms. N.R. Deepa, Dr. S. Gunasekaran, R. Elakiya, U. Haritha, N. Kaleeswari, P. Purnima

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The growth of abnormal tissue is also called neoplasm which can be differentiated from the surrounding tissues by its structure. This tumour will affect the immune system which is a major leading cause of death around 13% worldwide. Blood diseases such as leukemia replaces the normal blood cells in the bone marrow and the blood. Effective modern drugs can be deployed for the blood diseases such as Chronic Lymphatic Leukemia(CLL). Data mining technique is used to categorize the blood test uniqueness(Hematology) and blood swelling to predict the disease in a early stage. Due to the increase in blood tumour diseases Support Vector Machine(SVM) is proposed for the classification of tumour and hematological data. Fish Swarm algorithm is found more efficient in optimizing the data with high accuracy.

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15

Title : Health Monitoring of Static Composite Beam for Material Uncertainty and its Numerical Validation

Authors : . S. Kachare, A. K. Parkhe, A. A. Utpat, S. Y. Salunkhe

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This paper aims at experimental analysis of composite box beam to estimate the material uncertainty. The deflection parameter has considered for analyzing the uncertainties present in material. The composite box beam is like a cantilever beam, where one end is fixed and at free end load is applied. In previous study free end deflection is calculated using Dial Gauges whose stylus will make point contact with proposed setup. But due to this contact it will create instrumental errors or manual error during experimentation. To avoid such situation the non contact device is developed called as Hall Effect Sensor which is the electronic device and it is works on electromagnetic field. If magnet is come in front of sensor it create magnetic field between them. The change in voltage or field is calibrated in terms of deflection of beam. In this paper, experimentation has carried out on four composite box beams which are manufactured by same process to find the material uncertainties and then the results are validated with COMSOL Multiphysics, software for same parameters.

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16

Title : Practical Study of Water Electrolysis for Solar Powered Hydrogen Production Using Stainless Steel Electrode and Sodium Hydroxide Solution

Authors : Gour Chand Mazumder, S M Nasif Shams, Abu Shahadat Md. Ibrahim, Md. Habibur Rahman

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Water electrolysis is a very well-known and popular method for hydrogen production. The process is simple but there are various aspects to be considered for developing efficient system for water electrolysis.  This paper presents a practical study on different electrolysis conditions determining conclusion regarding contributing parameters. Stainless steel plates as electrode and sodium hydroxide solutions are used for data collection. Applying different conditions and physical arrangements the process behavior is observed and recorded for analysis. Theoretical aspects are compared with the observed characteristics of the process. Key aspects of parameters are determined by organized data and analysis. It has been found that the higher molarity of solution increases the current density and gas production rate for same size and same gap of electrode. The scenario is same for the increment of electrode size where gap and molarity is fixed. Gas production is directly proportional to molarity and electrode size. With the reduction of gap between electrodes results increment of current density and gas production at same size of electrode and same molarity of solution.  Gas production is inversely proportional to the gap between electrodes. Increment of voltage boosts the gas yields however temperature increases after a certain limit of applied voltage. At that point energy gets wasted through heat and not user for water splitting. Solar photovoltaic panels can easily be used for water electrolysis. Though the radiation gets changed over time the gas production would be according to the voltage and current output.   

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