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International Journal of New Technology and Research

Impact Factor 3.953

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online Journal)
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Volume 5 Issue 12

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View

Title : Item Analysis: An Evaluation of Multiple Choice Questions Based on Research Methodology in the Internal Examination

Authors : Lok Raj Sharma

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Item analysis is the process of collecting, summarizing, and using information from students’ responses to assess the quality of multiple-choice questions (MCQs). The prime purpose of this research article is to analyze the twenty multiple choice question items regarding research methodology having asked to the Bachelor of Education (B. Ed) fourth year students in their internal examination conducted at Makawanpur Multiple Campus, Nepal in 2019. The researcher employed 27% students from the group of high achievers from the top and 27% students from the group of low achievers from the bottom by including 28 students from the population of 50 students. Each item was analyzed for difficulty index (DIF I), discrimination index (DI), and distracter effectiveness (DE). Difficulty index of 20 (100%) items was in the acceptable range (DIF I= 0.30–0.80).  Discrimination index of 5 (25%) items was acceptable (DI= 0.20-0.29), that of 5 (25%) items was good (DI= 0.30-0.39) and that of 10 (50%) items was excellent (DI  ≥0.40 ).  Total 20 items had 60 distracters. 55 (91.67%) distracters were functional and 5(8.33%) distracters were non-functional. It was found that most of the multiple choice question items were reliable and valid. This article is useful to those who are involved in the field of teaching learning as well as question setting activities that concern the quality of the MCQS prepared for the examinees.


Title : Analysis of the Management Process to Enhance SMEs Performance in Ho Chi Minh City

Authors : Nguyen Thi Thanh Thao

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When Vietnamese enterprises are participating within the international markets the intensity of completion is very high, this is now also being passed through into the local markets. To survive in the global markets the Vietnamese SMEs should enhance their management systems and processes, to maintain levels of the current global trends and this will support the growth of the management and business. These notable issues within this empirical study will discuss the role of business planning, managerial control and the mediating role of budget process towards SMEs performance. The researcher suggests that the SMEs management should seek innovation and then enhance their management process based on the key managerial factors of this study; restructuring and improving the firm’s performance to adapt with the international integration. 


Title : Analysis of Lightning Strike Variations in Sweden from 2000- 2014

Authors : Hewage Nihal, Perera S.S., Boralugoda S.K., Fernando I.M.K., Cooray V.

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Lightning is a natural phenomenon; in which massive electric discharge occurs between the electrically charged regions within clouds, clouds to clouds or between a cloud and the Earth's surface. Lightning flash is referred as the temporal equalization of charge regions within the atmosphere. Lightning occurs approximately 40–50 times a second worldwide, resulting in nearly 1.4 billion flashes per year. Present Lightning Location and Protection(LLP) systems used in many countries are capable of studying long-term characteristics of CG lightning flashes with a typical range of 600 km with many sensors interconnected to form lightning detection networks that span thousands of kilometres that can capture lightning in vast land masses.

The ultimate purpose of this study is to assess the possibility of occurrence and variation of cloud-to-ground lightning strikes over the geographical boundary covered by the LLP system of Sweden. Thus, the study measures the cloud density and lightning strike frequencies within the period of the last fourteen years (2000-2014) recorded by Lightning Detection Centers of the LLP system which were holistically dispersed all over Sweden.

Wavelet theories, time frequency analysis and Range Normalization of Signal Strength (RNSS) were used to analysis the results. Wavelet theories have been used to analysis the pattern over the period. Time frequency analysis and RNSS values were used to determine risk status.

According to the analysis, two types of lightning strike patterns were identified in Sweden. One is “Annual Lightning Strike Pattern” which occurred between 0.7-1.4 year and the anther is “Extreme Lightning Strike Pattern” which occurred every 3-5 year period and its frequency increased equator to polar sides of Sweden. Lightning risk was calculated over the period by using RNSS values as magnitude and lightning frequency. The results show that the lightning risk also varied in similar patterns and its return pattern varies from 4 – 3 years from Southern to Northern part of Sweden respectively.


Title : A Soft Computing Framework for Credit Risk Evaluation

Authors : Gafa Lubem, Agaji Iorshase, Esiefarienrhe. B. Micheal

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Default Credit portfolios have historically been the major cause of financial distress in Nigeria commercial banks because of its inherent risk of possible loan losses (credit risk). It has also contributed to shareholders losing their investment in the commercial banks and inaccessibility of bank loans to the public. Also, evaluations of loan applications by Nigeria Banks are based on a loan officers' subjective assessment. Such assessment is inefficient, lack the ability to learn from customer past financial activities, inconsistent, bias in nature, delay in decision making, unreliable and non-uniform risk assessment which may lead to bankruptcies and defaulted loans. A soft computing framework based on a neurofuzzy model integrated with the customer Bank Verification Number (BVN) to link other Banks was developed. The method used deposit rate, withdrawal rate, average withdrawal, average deposit, loan request amount, collateral value, available cash and average income as inputs which was trained by the neural network to generate four output,that is, collateral, capital, character and capacity. Fuzzy rules were used to evaluate and determine the credit risk level for possible recommendation. The data for this framework was sourced from nine Nigeria Commercial banks. The soft computing framework was implemented using Java enterprise edition programming language. Experimental results showed that the system sufficiently evaluated the credit risk and generated the appropriate risk level with high accuracy for credit recommendation to minimized default loans in the Nigeria Banks.


Title : Impact of Classroom Physical Environment in Reading among Early Graders in Nepalese School

Authors : Bhagwan Aryal

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This article presents the findings of a research aiming to assess classroom physical environment and its link with students’ learning achievements in reading Nepali and Mathematic subjects. Physical facilities such as adequacy of space, seating arrangement, comfort inside classroom, placement of chalk/white boards and their sizes, and light and ventilation, display of materials, etc. have an impact on reading among early graders in Nepalese schools. The comparative study assessed the reading comprehension and fluency of Nepali subject together with basic skills of Mathematics of early graders in grades Two and Three.


Title : Cardiac Phantom for Gated Single Photon Emission Computed Tomography (GSPECT)

Authors : R. A. Hassan, S.H.A. Al Lehyani

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Gated single-photon emission computed tomography (GSPECT) is the most important technique for the heart imaging, but the patients instability and the physiological cardiac function variability make studies difficult to evaluation and comparing different imaging techniques. So, a dynamic cardiac phantom (DCP) was constructed at our nuclear medicine unit-National cancer institute, which can be used as a reference to compare the reconstructed volumes & ejection fractions for GSPECT. GSPECT data were acquired using the DCP with a standard dual-head gamma camera, and the reconstructions were carried out using the Mirage software released by Segami. The validity of DCP for GSPECT imaging was evaluated by imaging of 12 different volumes of the phantom.  Linear regression analysis was performed to assess the correlation between the real versus the measured volumes & ejection fractions for all the 12 different volumes. Then we assessed the correlation between real EF and the GSPECT-quantified EF for some acquisition parameters as frame/cycle (8 versus 16), and time/projection (40 versus 20 sec). Results obtained in our study showed that the constructed DCP is suitable to GSPECT imaging.  Also, the study shown that in the case of acquisition parameters it’s enough to using the 8 frames per cardiac cycle with 40 sec time per projection.


Title : Analysis of factors Affecting Project Delay in PT Telkom Property Viewed from Owner Factors, Contractor Factors and External Factors

Authors : Rosalendro Eddy Nugroho, Farida Elmi, Wahyu Oktri Widyarto

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In the process of construction there is a complex lead to the possibility of delays in project completion. The emergence of project completion delays may be caused by the parties involved in the implementation of the project that is owner factors, contractor factors, and other external factors that are also related to the implementation of the project. This research was conducted in order to determine the causes of delays in project implementation in terms of owner factors, contractor factors, and external factors on PT. Telkom Property. Conducted by distributing questionnaires to contractors, owners and subcontractors, the results obtained were processed using rank analysis. This study concluded that the factors causing delays in the completion of projects at PT. Telkom Property the most dominant contractor factors, have the rank order (ranking) as follows: (1) deficiencies in the provision of human resources, (2) failure of schedule planning, (3) a shortage in the supply of money, (4) failure of site coordination, (5) shortage in the provision of material, (6) a shortage in the supply of tools, and (7) shortages in the supply of sub-contractors.