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International Journal of New Technology and Research

Impact Factor 3.953

(An ISO 9001:2008 Certified Online Journal)
India | Germany | France | Japan

Volume 4 Issue 9

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View

Title : How Poverty Engenders Irrational Economic Behavior: An Analysis of Psychological and Economic Behavior of Marginalized Communities

Authors : Neel Malhotra

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The psychological consequences of poverty are far-reaching – even constraining the economic choice patterns of these underserved communities. Through various interactions with these communities in Mumbai, I realized that it is the mindset of the inhabitants in these underserved communities, their ignorance towards health, which leads them to inefficiently allocate their limited amount of money and make short-sighted and risk-averse decisions which usually favor habitual behaviors than goal-oriented ones.

This research study attempts to analyze the economic choice patterns (their inefficient decision-making) of the marginalized communities to understand what deters them from availing facilities that improve their health, such as water purifiers.

This Research study primarily attempts to delve deeper into the following:

  1. Lack of awareness for the importance of health in these marginalized communities.
  2. The behavioural expenditure pattern of these families and their inefficient financial resources allocation.

A survey[1] was conducted across 100 families across four different slum clusters to capture the data on the demographic profile with emphasis on women who are the decision makers of the families and are more concerned towards the well-being of the family, and the awareness about general health issues. Moreover, financial data and their expenditure pattern were collected under different arenas starting with income, rent, Food, education, medical expenses, transportation, entertainment, savings, etc. The findings were almost similar across families and the data revealed that there was no significant problem of awareness on health issues as well as education, but the lack of resources as well as the limited resources was the most constraining factor for doing investments that will protect their future health. The irrational economic behavior is a cause, or an effect of poverty does not get established and was only reasonably inferred in this case study -  and needs more empirical studies on a larger sample. These families live by the day and any surplus or saving after meeting the necessities is spent on either demerit goods such as Alcohol and Cigarettes (by men) or entertainment and related stuff. This distorted economic behavior is the cause of the “Poverty trap”. This Research study, thought limited to a small area as compared to the size of Mumbai, is representative of the general ideology of poverty-ridden households and is thus a microcosm of a larger case study that would entail analyzing the behavioral pattern of thousands and lakhs of households.


Title : A New Way to Approximate Sine

Authors : Rimpu Ray

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on this paper I discuss about a new way to approximate sine, in degree measurement from 15° to 90°. Formula is divided into some parts.


Title : The Impact of Indonesian Economic Growth on Tax Revenue Ratio, Goverment Expenditure Ratio and Macroeconomic Aspects in The Period of 1997-2016

Authors : Rosalendro Eddy Nugroho

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The objective of the research is to recommend the model of Indonesian Economic Growth in terms of Tax Revenue Ratio, Government Expenditure Ratio, Gini Ratio and Macroeconomic Aspect over the period 1997-2016. The results will be published in reputable journals. The objectives of the research are 1) To analyze the effect of the Revenue Ratio, Inflation Rate, Government Expenditure Ratio, Gini Ratio, Labor Force, Interest Rate of Bank Indonesia and Rupiah Exchange Rate Change to Indonesia Economic Growth Rate over the period 1997 - 2016, 2); Analyzing the most powerful factors affect Indonesia's Economic Growth on Tax Revenue Aspects, Government Expenditures, Gini Ratios and Macroeconomics over the period 1997-2016. Some of the analytical tools used are Multiple Regression Equations with the Multicollinearity Test, Heterocedasticity Test, Autocorrelation Test because if there is a deviation then the t test and F test done previously become invalid. The research stages are literature study and data retrieval from several media. Outline of research in the form of international journal publications. The results of the study indicated that the Government Expenditure Ratios and Interest Rates of Bank Indonesia influence significantly to the economic growth of Indonesia. The Government Expenditure Ratio has a positive impact while the Interest Rate of Bank Indonesia has a negative impact on Indonesia's economic growth.


Title : Introducing Standard Operating Procedure on a Manufacturing Plant

Authors : Himanshu Dhasmana

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Standard operating procedure (SOP) is one of the main factors by which a company can maintain its quality. All the instruction gives guidance to ensure that the process is conducted in a consistent way. A SOP should have all the detail about the process and all the SOP’s should be updated if there is any update in the process. All the SOP’s should have a similar format and a monitor to check weather all the SOP’s are followed or not. These papers have all the important areas of considerations and steps which are required when a SOP is made.



Title : Effect of UV-C and Ozone on the Bioactive Compounds and Antioxidant Capacity of Minimally Processed Rocket (Eruca Sativa Mill.)

Authors : Diego R. Gutiérrez, Laura Lemos, Silvia del C. Rodríguez

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In this study, treatments with UV-C radiation (10, 20 and 30 kJ/m2) and gaseous ozone (1, 5 and 10 mg/L) were applied to minimally processed rocket (Eruca sativa) leaves to investigate their effects on the bioactive compounds and antioxidant capacityduring12 days of storage at 5 ºC.As control, water washing was used. Ascorbic acid content, phenolic compounds, antioxidant capacity and chlorophyll a and b, total chlorophyll and total carotenoids content throughout shelf-life were studied. The results showed that UV-C and ozone treatments had no adverse effects on ascorbic acid content, phenolic compound and antioxidant capacity of minimally processed rocket leaves. Treatments with UV-C delayed the degradation of total chlorophyll content throughout shelf-life, while the treatments with O3 did not affect this parameter. In conclusion, the UV-C and ozone treatments applied maintain the bioactive compounds with antioxidant activity content of minimally processed rocket leaves during 12 days of storage at 5 ºC.


Title : Issues Affecting Health Research Collaborations based on Cloud Computing

Authors : Robert Mugonza, Annabella H. Basaza-Ejiri

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Research in science and technology is multifaceted with data sharing as a crucial issue among others. The issues are prevalent in collaboration based setups with significant interest in public health and medical where failure to share data, derails improvements in health and policy that is dependent on research outcomes. With data collected, it is stored on conventional storage including researcher PCs, and external hard disks. Researchers often find it hard to share this corpus data and if implemented under systems, users are left unsure of the confidentiality, transparency and ultimately the reliability of these systems. Existing research environments have not observed these needs, hence affecting collaborations, including those based on the cloud. This study utilizes grounded theory in investigating these issues. We have identified these issues including Reliability in terms of Data privacy, confidentiality, and integrity; Data sharing; Organizational change and Innovation resistance. We report that Cloud opportunities and benefits are reasons for increased adoption and these issues as hindrances as well. We recommend a characteristic cloud environment that is reliable, managed and offers accessible data sharing, and inclusive Service Level Agreements as a means to provide for the mutual relationship required between researchers in developing and developed countries; and conclude that the identified issues if observed and  recommendations implemented, healthier collaborations  will be possible.


Title : Profile Geometric Effect of Cantilever Piezoelectric Device Using Flexural Mechanism

Authors : Tamil Selvan RAMADOSS, Hilaal ALAM , Prof Ramakrishna SEERAM

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Vibrational energy harvesting device exploits unused resonant energies and convert them into useful electrical energy. Cantilever piezoelectric effect has been the most preferred technique and the efficiency of these devices is continuously improved. The amount of stress developed at the cantilever beam surface, on which piezoelectric material is attached or deposited is directly related to the output electrical energy. There have been attempts to increase the output power and efficiency of the harvesters by modifying the surface geometry of the beam by compromising piezo electric material occupancies. In this article, we have introduced flexural profile changes to improve the stress distribution at the beam surface without compromising the piezoelectric material occupancy. Theoretical stress calculations for the modified elliptical profiles are discussed and compared with Finite Element Modelling (FEM) study and thus effective surface area utilization is improved. 


Title : Classification of Viewpoints Related to Bus-Waiting for the Assistance of Blind People

Authors : Watcharin Tangsuksant, Chikamune Wada

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Considering the current smartphone technology, blind individuals cannot detect oncoming buses from their smartphones. Consequently, this paper proposes the viewpoint classification for blind individuals during situations of non-congested traffic. The definition of ideal viewpoints for this research depends on two main factors, which are the suitable tilt and suitable panning of a smartphone by which it is possible to detect and recognize the bus number. This research aims to find the suitable panning of a smartphone, which related to suitable viewpoint, using the combined simplicity of image processing. The proposed concept for interpreting viewpoints is to extract essential features from the road area via images. These features comprise road length, vanishing point, and the percentage of road area. For this research, various roadside scenarios were tested under both daytime and nighttime illumination. The experimental outcome shows the successful classification of viewpoints with regard to the requirement of blind persons waiting for a bus on the roadside. These results were found to be robust and feasible for roadside scenes under various illumination conditions.


Title : Forum for Reflection and Debate: Smart Businesses, Creating the Future

Authors : Carmen Echazarreta Soler, Albert Costa Marcé

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An interdisciplinary and multi-professional forum for reflection and debate was created in order to discuss and define relevant and significant indicators that enable us to identify, differentiate and promote smart businesses – those that promote the use of communication and information technologies as a means of improving citizens’ quality of life. Following an exhaustive literature review, the debate focuses on four axes: technology, innovation and quality of life; communication; leadership and people management, and smart businesses. In conclusion, we highlight a series of differentiating characteristics of smart businesses, in five areas: a) Technology: Humanization and creation of jobs of value in light of automation and digitalization; cyber security and data protection. b) Administration and management: Reconciling economic activity and value-generation for stakeholders; people management and value-based leadership; optimization of the work environment; fostering teamwork; care and appropriate management of staff; creating “pride of belonging”; giving back to society; respect towards generational, cultural and general diversity; promotion of volunteering. c) Research: Innovation: guided and applied research; university-business knowledge transfer, and knowledge creation. d) Education and training in values to face the challenges posed by technology; training; recycling in light of (climate) change e) Communication: Transparency; customer communication; democratizing social journalism, op-ed and testimony sites that foster corporate improvement and bridge the digital gap. Defining these qualitative and quantitative indicators will provide a business management tool for managing technology in organizations, at a time of transformation and big social challenges from digitalization and automation. The reflections, discussions, and knowledge arising out of this forum of experts seek knowledge transfer in four areas: research, education, entrepreneurship and business.


Title : Simulation and Performance Analysis of a Fiber Communication System based on FBG as Dispersion Compensator

Authors : Dr. Alaa H. Ali, Dr. Shehab A. Kadhim, Karrar A. Kazr, Alaa T. Lateef

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A high data rate and large number of transmission channels which lead to broadband based fiber communication systems can provide the technological advancement in telecommunication system. The dispersion mechanism within the optical fiber cause broadening of the transmitted light pulses as they travel along the optical fiber channel. In this paper an Optical Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBG) used to compensate the element inter symbol interference of transmitted data due to dispersion effect, which reduces the bit error rate and enhances the quality factor of the received optical signal in a fiber optics based on wavelength division multiplexer (WDM) communication systems. Optisystem 7.0 software used to simulate and performance analysis study for long haul optical fiber communication system.


Title : Design of a Continuous Intra-Oral Distraction Device for Mandibular Bone

Authors : Karolina Wszelak, Mateusz Łabul

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In this paper we present example of a specific device used for distraction osteogenesis. Distraction osteogenesis (also called callus distraction, collotasis or osteodistraction) is a surgical process for reconstructing bone deformities or lengthening bones.