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Volume 4 Issue 4

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Golden Ratio and Its Effect on Handwritings Using Golden Line

Authors : Vishvesh Lalji Solanki

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Abstract :

The handwriting we write weather is good or bad have large impact on our life as well as in our academics. Some have synchronized or some have very irregular hand writing. Is the art of good handwriting is like something by birth skill? Answer to this question is no.  In this very advance world there is no such skill one cannot master .If you do it with all your effort put in right way. And most important is to do naturally. By using the natural laws, one can master any skill. By this way your mastered skill will not only last for long but also it will be appealing for one who witness it. In this way our hand writing is also the skill, one can master easily. With very limited resource. Just a paper and pen is required. After all our hand writing make lot of impact on our life as well as study. Good handwriting is a sign of good education. This paper is about four parallel lines drawn in such a way that it’s satisfied golden ratio (1.618) or golden mean. After practicing writing skill on that four parallel line. How one can write better than before and how good writing last long after time, this paper of just four parallel lines will influence everyone who goes through the process called education. The main goal of this paper is to provide easily way to the writer who wanted to make his handwriting good by means of golden line.

This is a paper of engineering in which a ratio is used to increase the aesthetic quality of the handwriting. It’s this paper also show how golden ratio is presented in the world we live and many natural objects.

01-05
2

Title : Finding Optimum Diameter and Thickness of AISI 1020 Tube for Manufacturing Go-Kart Chassis

Authors : Vishvesh L. Solanki, Rushit D. Vaishya

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Go kart is popular hobby sports in America and Europe, it was initially made in us in 1950 and then other country followed this carting culture. In India go kart is making huge wave, many recesses is been conducted. The important criteria to be consider while designing kart is its chassis it does not have suspension so all the load should be absorb by chassis alone without deflecting unduly, the rigidity and strength of the chassis should be consider too much of rigidity will reduce the strength of the chassis, the material used is AISI 1020. Different impact test is conducted and final optimum diameter (D) and thickness (T) is obtain using CAE toll and validate by applying formula for different values.

06-10
3

Title : Effect of Non-Performing Loans on Bank Performance of Some Selected Commercial Bank in the Nigerian Banking Sector

Authors : Timothy Amos John

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All over the world financial institutions face massive risk on non-performing loans. As a result of the foregoing, financial institutions are obliged to review their lending policies. As noted by Sharon (2007), loans have a vital contribution towards development of economy. However, its nonpayment also leads to incidence of huge loss on banks in particular and country in general. Hence, this study was conducted to examine both bank specific variable (return on asset ) and macroeconomic factors (gross domestic product, unemployment rate and exchange rate) determinants of NPLs of commercial banks in Nigeria. This research is an explanatory research design that identifies the cause and effect relationships between the NPLs and its determinants. Two commercial banks in Nigeria were sampled judgmentally. This study used secondary sources of data, which is panel data in nature, over the period 2010-2015. These data were collected from annual statement of account and CBN statistical bulletins.  The study found that GDP ratio had positive relationship with ROA, whereas exchange rate as well as unemployment rate had negative relationship with ROA. The study, therefore, recommended that the government should maintain political stability and combat corruption at all levels, banks should have a good track of their customers regarding loans repayment and lastly the banks should employ sustainable manpower.

11-17
4

Title : Li-Fi Based Helping Stick

Authors : Ankush Kumar, Piyush Shinghal, Ms. Amrita Kaul

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Li-Fi stands for Light Fidelity that is transmitting data through visible light. Li-Fi is a 5th Generation Communication system of Visible Light having a light-emitting diodes as a medium to high-speed communication as that in a Wi-Fi. In the days where internet has become a major demand, people are in a search for Wi-Fi hotspots. The main idea of the paper is to create internal navigation systems for the bigger areas to create automatic navigation for the visually impaired using Li-Fi technology, as visible light is present everywhere.

18-19
5

Title : Jatti Thayamma - New References on Her Art & Life and it’s Significance on Bharatanatyam History

Authors : Bindu S. Rao

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Bharata Natya is considered as the origin from the Southern state of Tamil Nadu, specifically Thanjavur.  But, in Karnataka, the art of Bharata Natya had its own identity and tradition.  Mysore state became a centrestage for innumerous cultural activities. During Krishnaraja Wodeyar's III reign (1831-1868) a distinct style began to emerge which is now known as `Mysore Style' of BharataNatya. During the rule of Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar, the dance was in its peak.  His greatness can be seen in abolishment of Devadasis practice way back in 1909, well before it was banned in Madras, and parallelly encouraging and flourishing Classical Music and Bharatanatya in Mysore State.  Four distinct traditions of Mysore Bani existed during that time, viz Muguru tradition, Nanjangud tradition, Mysore tradition, Kolar tradition, with stalwarts behind their prominence.  The gurukul system of education was strictly followed in all these traditions.  Jatti Thayamma was one such stalwart, hailing from a wrestler’s family, but made great contributions to BharataNatya in the pre-Independence era of the 19th and 20th Century.  Jatti Thayamma actively danced for almost 75 years of her life, and this is one of the greatest achievements.  Jatti Thayamma was not a devadasi [1].  This paper is dedicated to the Art and Life of Jatti Thayamma, to clear the myth about her being told to be a devadasi and provide some new interesting aspects that were not previously known, including her caste (unknown earlier), and the way it affects the history of Bharatanatyam itself.

20-24
6

Title : Investigation of Aesthetic Quality of Product by Applying Golden Ratio

Authors : Vishvesh Lalji Solanki

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Abstract :

Although industrial and product designers are extremely aware of the importance of aesthetics quality, they make aesthetic design decisions largely on the basis of their intuitive judgments and ‘educated guesses’. Despite aesthetic aspect of a functional product be an important reason for customer choice to buy a product. While ergonomics and human factors researchers have made vital contributions to the safety, productivity, ease-of-use, and comfort of human-machine-environment systems, aesthetics is largely ignored as a topic of systematic scientific research in human factors and ergonomics. Aesthetics is a link between a product and the user’s emotion contributes to obtaining more desirable products for the user. To develop products with aesthetic benefits, multiple factors must be considered simultaneously.

This paper presents the strategic focus on product design, arguing that an aesthetics dimensions may help a product to be a commercial success. To achieve product aesthetically appealing to consumer GOLDEN RATIO is used. The literature shows the ways and how golden ratio has been in existence in the world we live, and some works of art and architecture that asserts the presence of golden ratio. Its impact designer decision making in concept design stage and has a signification impact in success of the product, there for hybrid methodology to be adopted in concept design stage. This method will also utilize a parametric design algorithm, and make product aesthetically appealing. To develop this new methodology thorough, literature review was used. The graphical algorithm editor software is used to modify aesthetics dimensions, after getting the result, this approach can be used in many other area of product designing.

25-29
7

Title : Security Against Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) using Software-Defined Networking (SDN)

Authors : Mr. R.B. Sarooraj , Kshitiz Lall, S.Krishna Kumar, Shivam Patel, Ashwani Kumar

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Aspiration to provide and analyze a behavior-rule specification-based technique for intrusion detection of medical devices embedded in a medical cyber physical system (MCPS) in which the patient’s safety is of the utmost importance. We propose a methodology to transform behavior rules to a state machine, so that a device that is being monitored for its behavior can easily be checked against the transformed state machine for deviation from its behavior specification. Using vital sign monitor medical devices as an example; we demonstrate that our intrusion detection technique can effectively trade false positives off for a high detection probability to cope with more sophisticated and hidden attackers to support ultra safe and secure MCPS applications. Moreover, through a comparative analysis, we demonstrate that our behavior-rule specification-based IDS technique outperforms two existing anomaly-based techniques for detecting abnormal patient behaviours in pervasive healthcare applications.

30-33
8

Title : Assessment of Heavy Metals Distribution and Contamination in Atmospheric Dust from Major Roads in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State using Pollution Indices

Authors : Abegunde Segun Michael, Dada Emily Bola, Adelaja Oladapo Idowu

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Atmospheric dust samples from major roads in Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria were analyzed for heavy metals. The heavy metals were determined using atomic absorption spectrometer (AAS) Buck Scientific model 210VGP. The overall mean of the concentrations of heavy metals assessed in the samples were in the order Zn > Mn > Pb > Ni > Cu > Cr. Pollution indices such as contamination factor, enrichment factor, ecological risk factor and geo-accumulation index were used to evaluate the heavy metals concentrations in the dust. Result of contamination factor indicated that the degrees of contamination are moderate to considerate except Ni with very high value of contamination factor while enrichment factors are deficiency to moderate. All heavy metals assessed showed low ecological risk and the index of geo-accumulation of the metals in the dust samples were found within uncontaminated to moderately contaminated level except Mn which was extremely contaminated base on value computed. This confirmed that the dust from the urban area is facing probable environment pollution with dangerous heavy metal.

34-40