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Volume 3 Issue 4

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Drivers Distraction and Road Traffic Crashes in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Rivers State, Nigeria

Authors : G. C. Emenike, C.A. Kanu

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The study examined the drivers’ distraction and road traffic crashes in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria. The study made use of three hundred and eighty six copies of questionnaire administered to the commercial vehicle operators in the six traffic zones in Port Harcourt Metropolis using a random sampling technique. Descriptive statistics were used to explain the results while inferential statistics (Spearman’s Rank Correlation) were used to determine the relationship between drivers’ distraction and traffic crashes. Findings showed that majority (97.4%) of the respondents were males, majority (39.1%) were within the age bracket of 25-34 years while 41.7% had driving experience between 3 to 5 years and majority (36.8%) had driving training from the family. Furthermore, types of drivers’ distraction common in the study area included making/receiving calls (59.9%), phone texting (66%), in-vehicle conversation (68.2%), adjustment of Cd/radio (81.9%), eating/drinking (80.1%), outside vehicle distraction (71.2%) and in-vehicle gadgets (64.3%). However, the effects of drivers’ distraction were accidents (42.3%), near crash (61.7%), issues with traffic officials (47.4%), poor turning in heavy traffic (63.4%), poor turning in heavy traffic (63.4%), misuse of lanes (63.4%) and improper indication (63.5%). Correlation analysis showed that road traffic crashes had significant relationships with making/receiving calls (r= -0.164; p<0.05) and in-vehicle gadgets (r= -0.102; p<0.05). The study therefore recommended among others that effective training procedures are required before issuing licence to motorist in order to control the rate of drivers’ distractions; and pro-active measures and effective control practices are essential should be put in place to promote safety on the road and reduce road traffic accidents.

01-07
2

Title : Anti Collision Sensor Based Blind Stick

Authors : Akshay Meppurath, Akshay Monde, Nikhil Karadkar, Aditya Joshi, Ankur Ganorkar

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Visually impaired people find difficulties detecting obstacles in front of them, during walking in the street, which makes it dangerous. The smart stick comes as a proposed solution to enable them to identify the world around. In this paper we propose a solution, represented in a smart stick with ultrasonic sensor to detect any other obstacles in front, left and right of the user, within a range of four meters. Moreover, another sensor is placed at the bottom of the stick for the sake of avoiding puddles. The vibration of motor is activated when any obstacle is detected. The blind stick is integrated with ultrasonic sensor along with GPS &GSM based Navigation/Tracking system. This proposed system uses the microcontroller ATmega 328 embedded system. The stick is capable of detecting all obstacles in the range 4 meter during 39 ms and gives a suitable respect message empowering blind to move twice his normal speed because she/he feels safe. The smart stick is of low cost, fast response, low power consumption, light weight.

08-10
3

Title : Emergence of Ethics in Education

Authors : Dr. Rashmi Mishra

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Ethics is defined as the discipline dealing with what is good, what is bad and what is a moral duty and obligation? Ethics in organization deal with behavior of people that to an educational environment and by the body corporate with respect to ethical issues in public interest. The main sources of ethical behavior are values & goals. Now a day’s in organization principle codes such as ethical code, enforcement, and communication system are not followed well. Developing an ethical environment is a long term process in business  it is not only  a social responsibility but also an asset which have their own return in financial and non-financial terms. Recently have seen an increasing stress on the need tomonitor and manage educators, and hold them to account for ethics. Learning outcomes can be valuableif properly used, they have been misappropriated and adoptedwidely at all levels within the education system to facilitatethe managerial process. Theclaim that they can be made precise by being written with aprescribed vocabulary of special descriptors so as to serveas objective, measurable devices for monitoring performance,is fundamentally mistaken, and they may be damaging to educationwhen used in this way. The people are taking buyer and seller relationship in teacher and student role. That is the reason it has taken the shape of teaching organization rather than temple of olden time.

11-14
4

Title : Radiation Effects on Unsteady MHD Flow of A Visco-Elastic Fluid Along Vertical Porous Surface With Heat Source and Chemical Reaction

Authors : Pavan , G. S. S. Raju

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An unsteady two dimensional magnetohydrodynamic flow of a visco-elastic incompressible fluid (Walters B0 fluid model) along an infinite hot vertical porous surface bounded by porous medium with free stream as well as suction velocity in the presence of Thermal radiation, heat surface and chemical reaction has been investigated. The governing equations of motion, energy and concentration are solved by the successive perturbation technique. The variations in the fluid velocity, temperature and concentration are shown graphically where as numerical values of skin-friction; Nusselt number and Sherwood number are presented in tabular form. 

15-21
5

Title : Settlement Behavior of Reinforced Embankments Supported by Encased Columns

Authors : Mehmet Rifat Kahyaoglu

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Stone column supported embankments on soft clay deposits have some construction problems due to low bearing capacity, high compressibility and lack of lateral resistance. To overcome these difficulties, geosynthetics have been widely preferred by geotechnical engineers in recent years. This paper presents a two dimensional (2D) finite element model study, simulating a geosynthetic-reinforced (GR) and geosynthetic-encased stone column (GEC) supported embankment on soft soil. Numerical analyses are performed to investigate the effect of reinforcement and encasement on the vertical displacement of stone columns and soft soil. The results reveal a significant decrease in settlement with encasement, which is thought to be a direct consequence of the additional confining pressure produced by the geosynthetic encasement. With the help of base reinforcement, the surface settlement values of the soft soil reduced significantly.

22-25
6

Title : Improving the Quality of Healthcare Using Big Data

Authors : Dr. Ashfaq Amir Shaikh, Singh Nikhil Chandrashekhar, Ayshan Maredia,Khan Faimin Shakeel,Saif Sayyed

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In India there is a lack of doctor’s availability in rural areas compare to urban areas because of which the number of deaths is increasing in the rural areas. To solve this issue we are building an android application (Healtho) which will recommend the disease based on the symptoms given by the end user. Basically, a recommended system will be used by using Hadoop with mahout that is a Big Data concept. By using android as a platform we can provide higher availability of the system to the end user and provide some emergency services like location of nearby Hospitals and blood bank. The system also provides the medicine time (Meditime) in which the end user may come to know at what time the medicine is to be taken. This system could mostly be used by the people who live in rural area because there is lack of doctor’s availability and hospitals. 

26-29
7

Title : In Vitro Cytotoxic Effect of Rodgersia Sambucifolia (Hemsl) in the Treatment of Leukemia

Authors : Gan Mei Wann, Anbu Jeba Sunilson John Samuel, Anandarajagopal Kalusalingam, Anita Gnana Kumari Anpumoni Vimala

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Rodgersia sambucifolia (Hemsl) commonly known as rhizome of Featherleaf, Rodgers flower is one of the Chinese traditional medicinal plants in cancer therapy. The powder of R. sambucifolia rhizome was traditionally used by Chinese traditional healer for the treatment of leukemia and throat cancer. However, no scientific research has been carried out about this traditional claim. The aim of the present study was to investigate the potential cytotoxic effect of this plant rhizome extract against human T4 lymphoblastoid cell lines (CEMss). Among the ethanol and water extracts of R. sambucifolia, the ethanolic extract showed a significant (P<0.01) anti-proliferative effect which was followed by water extract at a concentration of 3.0 and 10.8 µg/ml subsequently. The ethanol and water extract of the R. sambucifolia reveals the presence of alkaloids, carbohydrates and glycosides, tannins and phenolic compounds, flavones and flavonoids and the absence of proteins and amino acids, sterols, fixed oils and fats. The present study opens and new stand point to validate R. sambucifolia extracts as one of the cytotoxic drugs for cancer therapy based on the traditional claim.

30-33
8

Title : The Trend of Using English in Bangladeshi Social and Electronic Media Conversations: Reasons ‘Within’ and ‘Beyond’ the Circle

Authors : Shamima Akter Shanta

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Language is one of the strong driving forces in shaping the identity and culture of people of a community, therefore, issues related to language is always dealt with tact and imminence. One of the noteworthy traits of language is change and progressiveness, which is prevalent in Bangla (native language or L1 of Bangladesh) language as well. These changing trends of language include code switching/mixing tendency (Bangla, English or Hindi), violation of standard form of Bangla, transliteration of Bangla into English, use of English accent in pronouncing Bangla, deliberate attempt of young generation to use English as a fashion statement etc. This paper intends to explore the existing realities behind this linguistic changes and the impact of this changes on Bangla. To do so, examples of a few conversations from private radio & Television channels and face book pages have been provided and analyzed to give a glimpse of the current linguistic situation of Bangladesh that is evident in Bangladeshi electronic and social media conversations at present. This paper tries to illustrate the importance of a nation-wide language awareness that can make a difference in policy and practice of using language in Bangladesh emphasizing literature, culture and functions of both native (Bangla) and foreign (English) language.

34-39
9

Title : The Impact of Supervision on Serving Principal’s Management of Resources in Cameroon

Authors : Asah Martin Anjah

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One aspect of education which is problematic is the management of resources. Presently, successful organisations insist on quantitative goals, capacity creation and higher professional skills for human resources at all level. Consequently, the survival and destiny of an organization is endangered if the head is not effective in managing the resources. The principals who are directly in charge, has been neglected over the years. This study seeks to investigate the relationship between acquired skills in resource management and principal’s effectiveness. A quantitative survey was conducted on  a  sample  size  of  886  serving  principals  in  the  south west and north west  regions  of Cameroon,( the Anglo-phone or English speaking regions) through the direct delivery method with the help of a questionnaire suited for the purpose. Data was collected and computed using the Pearson movement correlation and chi square with the SPSS software testing principals, organisational supervision, and resource management on the likert 4 scale of (SA, A, D. SD)  totaling 10 points. The result was analyzed and it was observed that, there is a significant relationship between human capital skills developed through in-service training of principals and resource management in schools. From these findings, it was commended that capacity building of principal’s competence can enhanced the management of resources and eventually improve the standard of educational in Cameroon.

40-49
10

Title : Device for Blind People Navigation

Authors : Nimran Kaur, Ayush Sharma, Manisha Gururani, Atul Kumar Srivastava

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Blind feel very discouraged because they need help to move around the outdoors and indoors. They can only walk through the known roads but they can’t detect the obstacle on their way. It is very difficult for them to walk on the roads. Blind people are not able to sense things. Blind people lose their friends and relatives due to their blindness. People should not look the disabilities of the blind. They must instead help them when in need.

For this purpose, we are going to develop an aid to help the blind people in walking, So that they can walk freely in the environment without being conscious. Major researches have been under consideration on developing a smart stick with various sensors attached to it to be used as a mobility aid by the blind as a part on an ongoing study. For the project we will be using sensors, GPS and GSM. Our project completely relies on implementing an innovative product to help the blind.

50-51
11

Title : An Intelligent Behaviour Shown by Chatbot System

Authors : Vibhor Sharma, Monika Goyal , Drishti Malik

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Chatbots are software agents used to interact between a computer and a human in natural language. Just as people use language for human communication, chatbots use natural language to communicate with human users. The main aim of their creation was to resemble a human being in the way they perform said interaction, trying to make user think that they are writing to a human. In this paper, we analyse some existing chatbot systems namely ELIZA and ALICE and then concludes that it is easier to build bots using ALICE because of its simple pattern matching techniques that building one for ELIZA since it is based on rules. Finally, we discuss our proposed system. In particular, the proposed system is the implementation of ALICE chatbot system as a domain specific chatterbox which is a student information system that helps users in various queries related to students and universities.

52-54
12

Title : Assessment of Road Traffic Violations in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Nigeria

Authors : G.C. Emenike, D.N. Akpu

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The study examined the impact of traffic violations on road transportation in Port Harcourt Metropolis, Port Harcourt, Nigeria. The study made use of structured questionnaire which was administered to drivers in the six traffic zones created by the Rivers State Government. Also, crash data from Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC) between 2005 and 2015 was made use of in the study. Inferential and descriptive statistical methods were utilized for data analysis. Findings showed that speed violation (33.0%) and dangerous driving (23.0%) were the most occurring traffic violations in Port Harcourt City. The study showed that all major junctions in Port Harcourt City were identified as areas prone to traffic violations. Majority (31.8%) agreed that drivers’ attitude to reduce travel time or saving fuel was the cause of traffic violation while 48.12% and 31.38% agreed that commercial drivers and private drivers were the types of drivers largely prone to traffic violation. However, 86.2% understood round about signs, 82.43% understood T-Junction, 71.55% understood pedestrian crossing while 32.22% understood double bend and 33.1% understood narrow bridge.  No stopping sign (47.7%) was the least understood in regulatory signs while the knowledge of the drivers on information signs was higher for filling station (92.05%) and telephone (phone booth) (80.8%). Similarly, No crossing sign (38.1%) was the least understood sign in road markings while more than 85% understood all the traffic lights. The study recommended among others that the traffic agencies in the city should enhance the enforcement of traffic rules and ensure that every vehicle plying the city’s highway is fixed with speed limiting devices.

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