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Volume 3 Issue 11

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Influence of Hot Air and Modified Atmosphere Packaging on Chilling Injury Incidence and Metabolism of Soluble Sugars in Eggplant Fruit (Solanum melongena L.)

Authors : Diego R. Gutierrez, Laura Lemos, Silvia del C. Rodriguez

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In this study, the influence of hot air (HA) and passive modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) on chilling injury (CI) and the metabolism of soluble carbohydrates on eggplant fruits stored at 3 °C for 9 days were investigated. Thus, the content of soluble sugar and the activities of enzymes associated to sugar metabolism, e.g. sucrose synthase (SS-synthesis and SS-cleavage), acid invertase (AI), neutral invertase (NI) and sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS) were analyzed. The CI symptoms in the control were manifested in association with an accumulation of sucrose. The fruit treated with HA and MAP showed significantly higher sucrose content with a significantly higher SS-synthesis activity and mildest CI symptoms respect the control. Thus the treatments with HA and MAP applied were effective in reduce CI incidence in the eggplant fruit. This would be associated with the increase in sucrose content and higher activity of SS-synthesis during cold storage.

01-06
2

Title : Interpretation of Magnetic Anomalies in Salihli (Turkey) Geothermal Area Using 3-D Inversion and Edge Detection Techniques

Authors : Emre Timur, Coskun Sarı

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There are numerous geophysical methods used to investigate geothermal areas. The major purpose of this magnetic survey is to locate the boudaries of active hydrothermal system in the South of Gediz Graben in Salihli (Manisa/Turkey). The presence of the hydrothermal system had already been inferred from surface evidence of hydrothermal activity and drillings. Firstly, it was necessary to convert the total field anomaly into a pseudo-gravity anomaly map. Then the geometric boundaries of the structures were determined by applying a MATLAB based software with 3 different edge detection algorithms. The exact location of the structures were obtained by using these boundary coordinates as initial geometric parameters in the inversion process. In addition to these methods, reduction to pole method was applied to the data to achieve more information about the location and shape of the possible reservoir. As a result, the edge detection methods were found to be successful in the field data sets for delineating the boundaries of the possible geothermal reservoir structure. The depth of the geothermal reservoir was determined as 2,4 km from 3-D inversion and 2,1 km from power spectrum method. The results of this study also suggest that the Salihli geothermal prospect extends further to the south of a resistivity boundary delineated from previous studies.

07-11
3

Title : Approach to The Assessment System Stability Through Modelling of Organizational Structure of The Object

Authors : Danielian Tija Yanovna, Epihin Maxim Nikolaevich

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Relevance of the topic due to the use of structural modeling guidelines for describing and studying the behavior of economic entities with a view to deciding on the best choice of a state in which an object may be economic in terms of stability, functionality, profitability and system compatibility between economic entities.

12-14
4

Title : A Real Time Application for Dynamic Pricing Model in the Passenger Air Transport

Authors : Dr. G Vijay Kumar

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Abstract :

Our planet is more connected than at any time in its history. Especially in air travel industry we can see that 2011, some 2,8 billion people traveled on 35,000 routes connecting 3,800 commercial airports. Together they flew 5.1 trillion km. Tariff structure is a tool of a carrier to influence his profit and to react on competitors respectively. It is a strategically planned sophisticated system of offered seat capacity for specific prices depending on many variables. The tariff structure has considerably changed in last years, above all as a consequence of the entry of low cost carriers.

15-17
5

Title : Is Hostility Dancing Along with Conversion and Dissociation?

Authors : Balta GT, Angelopoulos NV

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Background.Hysterical symptoms frequently accompany a variety of neurotic and even psychotic psychiatric syndromes and illnesses.

Methods.The presence and course of these symptoms was investigated in the present study in 73 psychiatric patients. The relationship of conversion symptoms and dissociative symptoms, both two broad dimensions of hysterical symptomatology, with self-reported hostility was examined in particular.

Results.It was found that changes in dissociative symptoms showed highly significant correlations with the changes of externally directed hostility but no significant association with those of internally directed hostility. There was no significant association between changes in hostility and changes in conversion symptoms.

Conclusions.In patients recovering from mental illnesses (acute or relapses), as the dissociative symptoms became less marked so the patients expressed less extrapunitive forms of hostility. Changes in dissociative symptoms correlate significantly with changes in total hostility, as well. Conversion symptoms, on the other hand, do not correlate significantly with changes in these scales. It is also of interest that no significant correlations have been shown between the score changes of the intropunitive subscales with either conversion or dissociative symptoms.

18-24
6

Title : Dinotefuran and Piperonyl Butoxide Mixture for The Extermination and Prevention of Ctenocephalides Canis and Ctenocephalides Felis Felis In Dogs And Cats

Authors : Joseph Yanai, Amir Kafri

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Ctenocephalides canis and Ctenocephalides felis felis are insects which are among the most common ectoparasites of common household dogs and cats. Flea killers have been developed for decades to counter this worldwide pest. It is a never-ending battle because of the continuous genetic resistance presented by the pest. In the present study, we applied a mixture of the pesticide Dinotefuran (26% w/v) and the synergist Piperonyl butoxide (6% w/v) to dogs (Solpreme Dog™ and cats (Solpreme Cat™) infested with the fleas via “Spot on” method. The treatment exterminated all of the fleas within 3 days (100%, p< 0.001). Re-infestation after 10 days caused an increase in the number of fleas, yet most of the effect lasted for at least 30 days. Further tests showed that the treatment is safe, water resistant, and has a long shelf life. The development of this novel mixture of substances provides an effective, safe means in the struggle with the continuous development of resistance to pesticides among major skin parasites.

25-29
7

Title : Carob (Ceratonia siliqua L) Seed Tegument Separation and Analysis: Comparison with Locust Bean Gum Hot-Water-Insoluble Residue Monosaccharide's Composition

Authors : Patrick Aubin DAKIA, Marie Michele Agnan COMBO, Beda Marcel YAPO, David Kouakou BROU , Michel PAQUOT

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The proximate composition of the carob seed hull were analyzed in order to evaluate the effect of carob seed tegument fragments (as contaminants) on locust bean gum (LBG, a galactomannan usually used as food additive) composition. It has been observed that the hot-water-insoluble residue, recovered after LBG flour dissolution and centrifugation, contains about 71-100% of total arabinose, xylose and rhamnose present in LBG crude flour. These results suggest the presence of non-galactomannan polysaccharides in LBG flour. The separation of the seed components by boiling water pre-treatment furnished ~30% of brown coat. The seed coat sugar composition, determined by GC analysis after partial acid hydrolysis, shown that arabinose (~20%) and xylose (6%) are the major monosaccharides in the hull polysaccharides (theorically from hemicelluloses fraction (≥20%)).

It can suggest that the minors sugars as arabinose, xylose and rhamnose, usually determined in carob gum analysis, came from the small pieces of seed husk remaining in gum flour during its primary extraction process.

30-35
8

Title : Study of Different Conditions of Enzymatic Hydrolysis in Earthworms

Authors : Maira Post Muller, Alana Uebel, Maite Lampert Nieland, Maria Cristina Dallazen, Daniel Kuhn, Henrique Pretto Etgeton, Claucia Fernanda Volken de Souza, Cristiano Giovanella, Eduardo Miranda Ethur , Lucelia Hoehne

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The aim of this paper was to study different conditions of enzymatic hydrolysis in earthworms. As to methodology, 25 g of earthworms of the Eisenia andrei species were frozen and crushed. After, the samples were divided into two different procedures (A and B). In the first one, pH level of the earthworms was adjusted to 8.6 with a 0.5 mol/L NaOH solution prior to the addition of a buffer solution (H3BO3.KCl - NaOH). The second procedure consisted of adding the same buffer solution without pH modification. Both methods were submitted to the addition of the alkaline enzyme. Samples were agitated with a shaker equipment (280 rpm at 54.2 ºC) and tested at time intervals between 0 and 10 hours. The Lowry method for protein quantitation was used to analyze the soluble protein content. A difference of 22 times in the better performance time of the two methodologies was noted. Procedure B presented the best efficiency, with the time interval of 6 hours. This work may contribute to the development of new products containing high levels of hydrolysates, which facilitate their absorption into livestock.

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