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Volume 2 Issue 8

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Alexithymia, Hostility and Depression in Patients Suffering from Somatic Diseases

Authors : Balta GT, Karachalios T, Tsikrikas T, Angelopoulos NV

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Purpose: To investigate the presence of Alexithymia, Hostility and Depression in patients suffering from acute and chronic somatic illnesses.

Methodology: 210 individuals participated: 55 patients with acute somatic illnesses, 47 patients with chronic somatic illnesses and 108 healthy subjects. They were assessed with the Beck Depression Index (BDI-21), the 20-item Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) and the Hostility and Direction of Hostility Questionnaire (HDHQ). Data selected and analyzed with the Statistical Package for the Social Science (SPSS).

Results: Chronic somatic patients exhibited higher scores on Depression and Alexithymia, compared to acute somatic patients (p<.000), while acute somatic patients exhibited higher Hostility scores, compared to chronic patients (p<.000). Both groups exhibited higher Depression, Alexithymia and Hostility scores compared to healthy subjects (p<.000).

Conclusions: Psychiatric symptomatology  in patients suffering from chronic somatic illnesses differs from psychiatric symptomatology  in patients suffering from acute somatic illnesses, when Depression, Alexithymia and Hostility were examined.

 

01-04
2

Title : A New Method of Visualizing Lung Ventilation by Means of Breathing Sounds

Authors : Oskar Seifert, Volker Gross, Henning Schneider, Martin Kramer, Andreas Weissflog, Keywan Sohrabi

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Standard imaging procedures to determine lung ventilation are CAT-scan and magnetic resonance imaging. These procedures involve high radiation exposure, high expenditure and plenty of time. They are not suitable for preventive and multi-examinations, neither for monitoring. The new ThoraView®-system dynamically displays lung ventilation based on lung sound detection and analysis. The aim of this study was to validate (i) the display of lung ventilation (ii) and if ThoraView® can detect and display nonventilated areas. In a clinical study, 17 healthy piglets were examined. Nonventilated lung areas were created using a bronchial blocker. CAT-Scan and magnetic resonance imaging were used to verify the regional distribution of (non)ventilation. The ThoraView®-system used 30+1 microphones on a dorsally positioned microphone pad to record and analyze breathing sounds. Greyscale pixel values of ThoraView® images from both ventilated and nonventilated lung sides were compared. High values indicate high ventilation, whereas low values stand for less ventilation. The new system was able to successfully detect and display lung ventilation and also nonventilated areas. Mean grey pixel values were 346.47 ± 8.42 and 404.27 ± 4.92 for the blocked and nonblocked lung sides, respectively. Significance was p ≤ 0.01. We conclude that ThoraView® has the potential to substantially support clinical routine as an innovative and comfortable monitoring device for the increasing numbers of respiratory diseases. Further studies are necessary to validate the operational capability in human medicine.

05-08
3

Title : The Predictors of Habitual Behavior in Using Mobile Phone among University Students

Authors : Norasyikin Ibrahim, Ahmad Fauzi Mohd Ayub, Mas Nida Md. Khambari

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The use of technology in academic activities, particularly in higher education institutions is one thing in common and undeniable. Entering the era of information technology without borders, the use of technology such as computers, laptops, tablets, mobile phones and so on are seen as essential roles to assist educational activities. Therefore, the utilization has become the norm among instructors and students in higher education institutions. Through previous studies, the terms of norms often referred to habitual behavior or automatically behavior. This study focused on three of independent variables from UTAUT’s model (performance expectancy, effort expectancy and social influences) to predict students’ habitual behavior in higher education in the use of mobile phone. This study involved 393 of undergraduates’ student and was conducted entirely in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang.  The results of data analysis revealed all the independent variables have significant effect on habitual behavior. 

09-15
4

Title : Swot up of antimicrobial protein produced bacteria from ruminant mammal milk and its ramification on Pseudomonas sp, Staphylococcus sp. and Salmonella sp.

Authors : Dhanasekaran.S, Anjitha Nair U.M, Arya.R.S, Adithya.V

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Bacteriocin are proteins which are produced by bacteria of one strain but it is toxic to the other strain of related species. Bacteriocin of LAB (Lactic Acid Bacteria) is exceptional vitality for the dairy industry and is successfully looked for their application in milk products, taking into account their hostile impacts against sustenance borne pathogens. This study demonstrates the isolation of bacteriocin producing from the goat raw milk sample and it is described by physiological and the biochemical tests. Three sequesters of bacteriocin creating LAB were isolated from goat milk. The culture supernatants of the three segregates were surveyed for their antimicrobial activity against food destroying organisms, for example Pseudomonas sp, Staphylococcus aureus and Salmonella typhi. The distances across of the inhibitory zone keep running between 9-12 mm. This bacteriocin may have potential use as bio preservatives and may help in enhancing the gut environment by battling a few pathogenic microorganisms.

16-19
5

Title : Biofilm Formation and Siderophore Production by Pseudomonas Aeruginosa Isolated from Wounds Infection

Authors : Syed Sajeed Ali, Wakte P.S

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The study was aimed to determine the efficiency of P .aeruginosa for biofilm formation and siderophore production, and to assess the existence of correlation between siderophore production and biofilm formation. Ten P .aeruginosa were isolated from different wounds infection and identified based on morphological, biochemical and fatty acid methyl esterase analysis.  Biofilm formation capability of isolates was studied by growing them on 96-well microtiter plate containing trypticase soy broth at 37oC for 24h.  It is found that all strain of P. aeruginosa have the ability to form biofilm. However the strains PA01, PA02 and PA03 were shown strong biofilm formation. Siderophore production by isolate were study on CAS agar plate, after incubation the individual colony of isolates shown orange colored zone around the colony,  reveals that all are positive in siderophore production. Further  siderophore production  were  estimated and it’s  found that, out of ten isolates, the strains PA01, PA02 and PA03 of P .aeruginosa were produced maximum siderophore i.e. 66, 68, and 65%.

20-23
6

Title : Impulsion Vertical Characterization in Game Action of Blockers and Defenders in Sex Role in the Circuit World Beach Volleyball 2014

Authors : Julio Cesar de Faria Pastore, Carlos Alberto de Azevedo Ferreira, Fabiola Claudia Henrique da Costa, Paulo Vicente Joao

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Introduction: Volleyball presents movements in their basic fundamentals, involving as an important factor of success or failure the vertical jump, such as serve, block, attack and counter attack. Objective: This study aimed to identify and quantify the number of jumps performed by blockers players and defenders during the stages of the World Championship Beach Volleyball FIVB 2014. Materials and Methods: Data were effectively 20 athletes, 10 male and 10 female, where males aged (27.35 ± 3.94) for blockers (n = 5), height (2.00 ± 0.06) and body mass (92.0 ± 6.99) has for defenders    (n = 5), age (27.82 ± 4.81), height (1.92 ± 0.05) and body mass (83.9 ± 8.92). In the female age (27.52 ± 4.81) for blockers (n = 5), height (1.84 ± 0.04) and weight (70.2 ± 4.51) while defenders (n = 5) were (26.32 ± 3.42) for age, height (1.79 ± 0.05) and weight (67.4 ± 4.48) that at least played five rounds of the World Beach Volleyball Tour 2014. Result: There was a difference in relation to the number of jumps between the blockers and defenders in both sexes in the different evaluated actions and the total jumps. Conclusion: The study revealed that the amount of jumps performed by elite athlete’s beach volleyball depends on the number of sets played, and the strategy adopted for each team.

24-27
7

Title : Artisans of Meitei-Pangal/Pangal Community (Muslims) in the Making of Some Bamboo Tools and it’s Implements and Their Role in the Conservation of Bio-Resource in Manipur

Authors : M. Mustaque Ahmed, Ranee Das, S. K. Borthakur

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Tools and it’s implements especially of bamboos have been searched, took photograph and documented their useful aspects. T3he information of artisans in relation with the tool creation by bamboo plants and their view of earning family income in deference with their traditional knowledge have been recorded during a study period (January, 2012 to Nov. 2014). A total of 3 genus 8 bamboo species useful in 5 (five) categories of human affairs i. e. Agriculture & Horticulture, Fishery, House making, Weaving and Others (household) to make tool & it’s implements has been recorded.  The plants are Dendrocalamus sericious Munro.(Ui), D.longifimbriatus Gamble.(Unan), D.giganteus Munro.(Marubob/Mareebob), B. tulda Roxb. (Saneibi), B. nana Roxb., B. kingiana Gamble (Watangkhoi), B.nutans Wall Ex. Munro.(Oootang) and Melocanna bambusoides Trin. (Moubi).  The plants have been found to be conserved in the villages. It is believed that the long tradition of bamboo plantation has been converted to useful bio-resources of bamboo stalks in the villages.

28-38
8

Title : Temperature Dependence Quantum State of Electron in One Dimensional Carbon Nano Tubes and The Expression for Temperature Co-efficient of Resistance in Terms of Quantum State

Authors : Ashrafuz Zaman Sk., Dr. Ranjit Chowdhury

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The Field of Carbon nano tube (CNT) is an promising area of research theoretically as well as experimentally [1],[2]. In fact the band structure of CNT determines its conductivity and in carbon nano tubes the structural pattern affects the conductivity type i.e the conductivity of CNT depends upon how graphene sheet is rolled up. So, CNT can be made to behave as conductor as well as semiconductor [2] It is well established that the samples of single wall carbon nano tubes with an arm chair wrapping have been produced and exhibit metallic behavior with an intrinsic resistivity which increases approximately linearly with temperature over a wide temperature range (see for instance ref.[4]. In this paper the quantized value of electric conductivity [1],[2] is used in an attempt to show theoretically that the quantum state of the electron of the carbon nano tube is directly related to temperature of the CNT as resistivity of CNT depends on quantum state and also found to depend on temperature. Finally, an effort has been made to find an approximate  expression for the temperature co-efficient of resistance of the CNT.

39-42
9

Title : Numerical Analysis of Sand Behavior based on Modified Multi-laminate Model

Authors : Farzad Peyman, Seyed Amirodin Sadrnejad

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Generalized form of multi-laminate integration framework satisfying compatibility of strain/deformation and equilibrium of stress/forces at each material point was employed to sum up the plastic modulus matrices of integrated planes to build up the main modulus matrix. This has been conducted through defining on plane modulus behaviors for normal, tangent and their interactions for loading and unloading. This modulus formulation enables the analysis to include the role of some material behavior aspects in the overall internal plasticity mechanism flexibility for a more accurate description of mechanism behavior under any arbitrary loading conditions. Specification of stress/strain history on the sample planes in materials with the models developed using stress/strain invariants is not feasible. This is mainly because stress/strain invariants are quantities not capable of carrying directional information with themselves.

In this article, a constitutive model capable of predicting sand behavior under static and dynamic loading working with stress and strain invariants was modified and implemented in the multi-laminate framework to be capable of predicting any arbitrary stress path may take place on a sand element in soil structure. The proposed model is capable of presenting different stress/strain histories on the sample planes followed the applied load/deformation paths in soil materials. Model verification under different loading/unloading/reloading stress/strain paths has been examined and failure direction of sand samples was visualized upon the activities of on plane plastic strain values and then exceeding a certain limit, specified as failed plane. This constitutive model can be used to predict the sand behavior upon inherent/induced anisotropy, rotation of principal stress/strain axes, localization of stress/strain and even failure mechanism.

43-52
10

Title : Information Support of Performance Management in Public Service Institutions

Authors : Zuzana Fabianova

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Information and communication technologies (ICT) can support performance in public service institutions in two ways: they can positively affect the performance by improving availability of required information for realisation processes, but ICT can have positive impact also on the support of performance management system. This paper is aimed at the analysis of preconditions that need to be fulfilled in order to have the performance management system functioning effectively. Standardization of processes/categorisation of tasks and the process of a requirement going through the service provision system in the public service institution will be separately examined. 

53-56
11

Title : From the Perspective of Rape-Induced Suicides in Victim Women: On the Designation of Rape as Being Causative of “Other Serious Consequences”

Authors : Haiqiang Yang

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Traditional theory and judicial practices in China have commonly held that the causation of suicides in victim women in relation to rape classifies as “causing… any other serious consequence” as stipulated in rape-related provisions, and that as of such, the rapist should be held liable for the victim’s consequential suicide. This article, however, seeks to demonstrate through four aspects that only under the conditions that: in conformity with general perception, the victim’s act of suicide is generic and proportionate to circumstance, and also when the subsequent act of suicide is not non-normative, should the rapist be held accountable for its occurrence.

57-59