Click Here for
Track Your Paper
Close

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

Volume 2 Issue 10

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Analysis of Rainfall Data for Arni Station

Authors : Yashwwanth Krishna Gunasekaran, Abhishek Senthil, Diwakaran Ramesh Babu

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Rainfall is an important part of hydrological cycle and this proves to be a vital variable in dry-land areas. In order to develop an effective management it important to understand this resource by analyzing the data recorded by Indian Meteorological Society. In this study, monthly rainfall data from 1973-2002 is collected for Arni station, Thiruvannamalai district and observed. Analysis of yearly rainfall data is done and also analysis of variation of rainfall in time and amounts is performed. These analysis will help us in interpreting the rainfall variations among different seasons in the year.

The average yearly rainfall in Arni ranges from 80mm to 85mm in recent years. This results in scarcity of water which leads to problems in agricultural purposes. However during monsoon months ,which is from July to October, the average rainfall intensity ranges from 120mm- 175mm.Water resources in Arni are rare and the surface run-off is often low because of high evaporation rates. Although rainfall is a natural resource, but with the rainfall analysis data from past years can be really helpful in deduction of approximate rainfall data for the following years. Rain in excess is very rare in Arni although when it does occur it causes serious consequences such as flash flooding, human catastrophes and land degradation. From this analysis, the seasons such as Pre-Monsoon, Monsoon, Post-Monsoon and their variations are compared for three decades from1973-2002. Also the Maximum and Minimum rainfall intensity in these thirty years is also calculated. 

01-06
2

Title : An Exploratory Study To Assess The Knowledge Regarding Disaster Preparedness Among People of Selected Community

Authors : Prof. Sheetal saxena, Prof Aradhna Michael, Dr Usha Ukande

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Among various kinds of disasters, flooding is unique in the sense that it has a very high degree of predictability, both in the short term, as well as long term. Floods can have devastating consequence and can have effects on the economy, environment and people. Though  flood situations cannot be entirely prevented but steps can be taken to prevent or minimize injury, loss and speed the recovery process. Present study is an effort to assess the knowledge regarding disaster preparedness. During the study it has been found that majority of the sample had average knowledge regarding disaster preparedness but they were not prepared to deal with disaster i.e. flood situation.

07-09
3

Title : Variability Effect of Some Mechanical Parameters of an Automated Machine on Grain Drink Production Output

Authors : Gbabo Agidi, Gana Ibrahim Mohammed

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

A single response optimization model based on Response Surface Methodology was employed to determine the best combination of the functional machine parameters such blade type, basket orientation and speed of a developed automated grain drinks processing machine to attain the maximum drink output. The automated grain drinks processing machine blend soaked grains, mixed the slurry, extract the aqueous liquid and expel the paste from the machine all in single unit. The experiment was based on central composite rotatable design (CCRD). The experimental result showed that the developed regression model could describe the performance indicators within the experimental range of the factors been investigated. Blade type and speed of rotation were found to be significant (p≤ 0.05), while basket orientation was insignificant. Numerical optimization carried out produced optimum values of 3-blade assembly, basket orientation of 33.44o and speed of 1385 r.p.m and the blending efficiency was 8.47 lires from 400g of soya beans.

10-13
4

Title : Investigation into the Use of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy for Viability Predictions, in Real Time, on Mouse Preimplantation Embryos

Authors : Joseph T. Lyman, Marcello Rubessa, Deborah K. Oh, Ginger L. Torres, Richard L. Magin ,Matthew B. Wheeler

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

In Western societies, up to 4% of children born are conceived using assisted reproduction technologies (ARTs), with IVF (in vitro fertilization) now the clinically preferred method of treatment for infertility. It is known that nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy can be used to identify and quantify metabolite levels in cells and embryos. In these experiments we evaluated embryo metabolism in real time. The development of preimplantation mouse embryos subjected to NMR was compared to embryos subjected only to the manipulations (SHAM), to embryos subjected to deuterium-containing medium (D2O), and to control embryos. Mouse embryos analyzed with NMR, at the two-cell stage, exhibited lower (p<0.05) development to the blastocyst stage than control embryos.  SHAM treated and NMR analyzed embryos developed at higher rates than embryos only exposed to D20 at 37 ºC, indicating attenuation of D2O effects at lower temperatures. To determine why NMR analysis attenuates effects of exposure to D2O, embryos were cultured to blastocysts after exposure to D2O at ambient or 37 ºC.  Results showed that at lower temperatures, exposure to D2O was less harmful. Finally, transfer of embryos into recipients after NMR resulted in two litters of normal pups. This study suggests that NMR techniques can be used for embryo evaluation.

14-20
5

Title : Clonal Dissemination of a Multidrug-Resistant Strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae Producing OXA-48 Carbapenemase at a Tunisian Hospital

Authors : Harchay, C, Battikh, H , Fendri, C

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Emergence and dissemination of carbapenem resistance among Enterobacteriaceae represent a significant threat to the management of nosocomial infections. Klebsiella pneumoniae had proved to be the most concerned as multidrug-resistant bacteria causing severe infections with limited treatment options. In the present study, we investigate the molecular epidemiology of 21 ertapenem-resistant strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae collected in Rabta hospital of Tunisia, between June 2010 and December 2011. The molecular  epidemiology including the characterization of carbapenemases and others β-lactamases, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis, were carried out. Medicals records were reviewed to evaluate predictive factors for infection. All strains were multidrug resistant. The OXA-48 carbapenemase was identified in all strains and was associated with CTX-M-15 and CTX-M-14/CMY-4 in 11 and 1 cases, respectively. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis typing indicated the clonal dissemination of an epidemic strain. The risk factors for acquired OXA-48 infections were: severity of underlying disease, longer length hospital stay and admission to an intensive care unit. Amplification of antibiotic resistance with expression of carbapenemase and extended-spectrum β-lactamase in the same strain requires continuous surveillance programs using molecular techniques as powerful tools for early detection and for prevention of dissemination of these pan-drug-resistant isolates.

21-27
6

Title : IMF BZ and its Variations with the Geomagnetic Parameters - a Comparative Study at a Low Latitude Station, Visakhapatnam

Authors : B.V.Rama, Dr.M.S.S.R.K.N. Sarma, Prof D.S.S.V.D. Prasad

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Though the works on geomagnetic storms have many research articles but still the mechanism through which magnetosphere is coupled with low latitude ionosphere during the density pulse events is not comprehensively understood. So the topic is still challenging the present study is of a sudden commencement storm on July 2006 and November 2007 , both the years considered to be in low solar active period was taken into consideration. A detailed comparison of the solar wind parameters with reversal enhancements of IMF Bz and Dst is discussed.

28-32
7

Title : Plant Spacing Response on Growth and Yield of Fenugreek in High Altitude of Uttarakhand

Authors : Dinesh Tiwari, Sandeep Upadhyay ,Ajaya Paliwal

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

A field experiment was conducted on clay loam soil at MAPs Block, College of Horticulture, VCSG Uttarakhand University of Horticulture and Forestry (VCSG UUHF), Bharsar, Pauri Garhwal (Uttarakhand) India during 2015 to evaluate the response of plant spacing on growth and yield of fenugreek. The experiment was conducted in the randomized block design with four replications. In the present investigation, the treatment comprised of the six treatments of plant spacing viz, 5 cm x 10 cm, 10 cm x 10 cm, 15 cm x 10 cm, 20 cm x 10 cm, 25 cm x 10 cm and 30 cm x 10 cm. The highest seed yield (494.45 kg /ha) was obtained with 20 cm x 10 cm plant spacing.

33-35
8

Title : Agent-Based Simulation for Modeling Supply Chains: A Comparative Case Study

Authors : Keramydas Christos, Bechtsis Dimitrios, Aidonis Dimitrios

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Contemporary Supply Chain (SC) networks are complex and dynamic environments comprising of stakeholders and their fragile relationships, along with the associated interconnecting products, cash and information flows. The main objective of the SC is the creation of added value at every single node of the network. In terms of coordination, taking into account the dynamic nature of SCs, central coordination techniques are considered of high risk, as they are not resistant to changes and have a single point of failure. Decentralized management is a precondition for creating flexible and effective networks, as nodes need to dynamically move in and out of the SC and every node has a decision-making ability. Decentralized networks have no single point of failure, as every node can support the decision-making process according to the actual state of the network. Agent-based (AB) simulation platforms create decentralized networks of peer nodes, provide native mechanisms of communication and coordination techniques and are suitable for simulating the complex nature of SCs.

In this paper, we first provide a literature review on AB simulation software used in supply chains modeling, we then describe an illustrative case study, and finally we develop two AB models using two distinct software platforms. The present work highlights the use of AB platforms agrifood supply chain modeling and can be used by academicians and practitioners as a practical example in order to incorporate AB techniques into the SC. The model-building details are provided for both platforms, as well as a critical analysis of the implemented models. The results demonstrate the incorporation of AB platforms to the SC ecosystem and compare the Agent-Based Modeling (ABM) capabilities of the alternative software platforms.

36-39
9

Title : A Review of Cardiovascular Health At The Environment of The School

Authors : Petsiou Elisavet, Lapousis George

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

The review of the scientific literature was the purpose of the article on the importance of interventions that can be made within in the environment of the school. School interventions were programs that were aimed at reducing the impact of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. These factors were the hypertension, the elevated levels of LDL-C and triglycerides, the low HDL-C levels, the obesity and the physical inactivity. It is known that these factors begin affect at the teens age, but the results are visible in adulthood. Several interventions have thrived and have been used by researchers in schools. The results were related to the duration of the intervention program, the age, the sex of the participants, as well as the content of the same intervention program. Many research results showed an improvement in the expected results, while in others there were no significant differences. Additional studies are needed to improve intervention programs in schools, which are aimed at reducing risk factors for cardiovascular diseases.

40-44
10

Title : Hamiltonian of Multipotential Field in Nanorobotics

Authors : Branko Novakovic, Dubravko Majetic, Josip Kasac, Danko Brezak

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

As it is well known, nanorobotics is the field that deals with the controlled manipulation with atomic and molecular-sized objects. In order to control nanorobots in the regions of mechanics, electronics, electromagnetism, photonics and biomaterials we have to have the ability to construct of the related artificial control potential fields. At the nanoscale the control dynamics is very complex because there are very strong interactions between nanorobots, manipulated objects and nanoenvironment. The problem is to design the control dynamics that will compensate or/and control the mentioned interactions. The first step in designing of the control dynamics for nanorobots is the development of the relativistic Hamiltonian (Hamilton functions) that will include external artificial control potential fields. Thus, derivation of the first and second form of the relativistic Hamiltonians for nanorobots control is presented in this paper. 

45-51
11

Title : Performance of Close Anode Cathodic Protection System Applied to a Plane Metallic Grid

Authors : E. M. Saad El-Deen Noamy, A. S. Abd El-Ghany, S. M. Desouky, A. Gomaa

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

In CP technique the negative shift in cathode potential determines the degree of protection against corrosion. This shift occurs by two mechanisms: the first is depression of cathode potential relative to electrolyte (Remote Anode Systems). The second is elevation of electrolyte potential in the vicinity of cathode relative to electrolyte (Close Anode Systems). These systems are considerably sensitive to anode position because of sharp changes in electrolyte potential with variation of anode location (proximity effect). Our work is to investigate the performance of CP system under conditions of variable anode position, applied to mild steel grid simulating steel reinforced concrete.

52-58
12

Title : Review Study on Pharmacological Importance of Simarouba Glauca

Authors : Jibi Antony, Anupriya Thomas,Dr. D. Gnanasekaran, Hannah Elizabeth. S

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Simarouba glauca is a species of flowering tree that is native to Florida in the United States, southern Florida, South America, and the Lesser Antilles. Common names include paradise-tree, dysentery-bark, and bitter wood. Its seeds produce edible oil. Different parts of the tree are used to treat various diseases. The plant has been reported to contain many important phyto constituents which have significant pharmacological importance. The aim of this paper is to highlight the Pharmacological importance of different parts of the plant simaruba glauca and it may give a good platform for future researcher to carry out the various research activities on simarouba glauca plant. 

59-62
13

Title : Task- based learning: Arguments and Concerns

Authors : Nguyen Van Son

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Task – based learning has been a hotly discussed issue in the scholarly world. In this article, after the introduction of historical background and its definition, the arguments and concerns are clearly presented. Task –based learning is proven to increase learners’ motivation, enhance learners’ spontaneous interaction and increase exposure to the target language. However, some concerns about it are arisen because it is thought to be not appropriate for low-level students and lack focus on forms. Some potential solutions based on literature are provided to these concerns. 

63-66
14

Title : Spermatogenic Activity of Rajatachandrodaya Rasa

Authors : Dr.B.B.Joshi, Dr.Pradeep Agnihotri, Dr.Anitha Joshi, Dr.Dinesh

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Rajatachandrodaya Rasa (RC) is a Sagandha, Sagni, Parada Moorchana which is Kanthastha and Bahirdhooma Kupipakwa Rasayana prepared as per the guidelines of Bheshaja Samhita. RC was prepared with 1:8:16 proportions of Shodhita Rajata, Shodhita Parada and Shodhita Gandhaka by Kupipaka method. RC is having therapeutic potential ranging in diseases such as Hridroga, Madhumeha, and Jwara and also possesses Rasayana and Vajeekarana properties. Till date, no reported studies are available pertaining to vajikarana effect of Rajatachandrodaya Rasa. Hence an attempt has been made to evaluate spermatogenic activity of RC experimentally on wistar strained male Albino rats and compared to Siddha Makaradhwaja.Animal experimental study of RC done on Albino Male rats under all necessary precautions. RC was taken in two different doses (0.45 mg/0.2kg &0.54 mg/0.2kg.b.wt) and compared with Control (distilled water & food) and Standard (Siddha Makaradhwaja) groups. Study shows increase in sperm count (up to 95-99 million) which shows effect of RC on spermatogenesis. It showed statistically significant (p<0.05) Spermatogenic activity compared to control group (p<0.05) & standard group (p<0.05). Histopathological study also showed increase in size of seminiferous tubules. Basement membrane was tightly bound with germinal epithelium. The lumen of seminiferous tubule was filled with bundles of Spermatozoa suggestive of significant Spermatogenic activity.

67-72
15

Title : Anti-Histaminic Activity of Kaphaketu Rasa on Histamin Induced Bronhcospasm in Guinea Pigs

Authors : Dr.B B Joshi, Dr.Pradeep Agnihotri, Dr.Anitha Joshi, Dr.A R Kulkarni

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Kaphaketu rasa is a classical organomineral preparation used for Prateeshaya, Kasa, Shwasa and other respiratory disorders. It is a Khalveeya Rasayana Judicially containing shodhita Vatsanabha(Aconitum ferox), Shodhita Tankana(Borax), Pippali(Piper Longum), Shanka Bhasma(Calyx of Conch) & Ardraka Swarasa Bhavana (Juice of Ginger) for 3 timesAccording to modern science Rhinitis, Bronchitis, Bronchial asthma, are the similar conditions, where in Kaphaketu Rasa is very effective clinically. Pathophsiologically histamine secretion and activity will be more in majority of the allergic disorders. Hematological examination reveals raised Absolute Esoinophilic count.The formula is in clinical practice very effectively in aforesaid disorders. The claims of Ayurveda ought to be validated by suitable animal models with scientific parameters. Hence to get more documentary evidences updating of the knowledge and to get more scientifically confidence in Ayurvedic science the present study was carried out.The Kaphaketu Rasa showed statistically significant at P<0.001. Guinea pige were fed with Kaphaketu rasa by oral route once a day for 5 days. Kaphaketu Rasa significantly extended the latent period of pre-convulsive Dyspnoea (PCD) as compared with control group. 

73-74
16

Title : Heterosis breeding for quality improvement in tomato (Lycopersiconesculentum Mill.) for cultivation in mid hills of Uttarakhand

Authors : Pawan Kumar, Ajaya Paliwal

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Tomato (SolanumlycopersicumL.), an annual vegetable,second in production after potato of solanaceae family. Tomato is number one in processed vegetables. For the improvement in the genetic architecture, Heterosis breeding is most popular and successful approach in tomato. For the present study, six diverse tomato cultivars viz, ArkaSaurabh, ArkaAbha, ArkaMeghali, Punjab Chhuhara, Best of All and Sioux, selected on the basis of high yield coupled with high quality, were crossed in a half diallel fashion to obtain fifteen cross combinations. Three cross combinations viz, ArkaMeghali x Punjab Chhuhara, ArkaSaurabh x ArkaAbha and ArkaSaurabh x Punjab Chhuhara resulted in significantly positive heterosis over mid parent, better parent, for pericarp thickness. For total soluble solids, positive and significant heterosis over mid and better parents were observed in three cross combinations viz,ArkaSaurabh x ArkaMeghali, Punjab Chhuhara x Best of All and ArkaMeghali x Sioux. Best of All x Sioux and Punjab Chhuhara x Sioux showed highest significant positive heterosis over mid parent and better parentfor shelf life. While, for one of the most important quality trait lycopene content, ArkaSaurabh x ArkaMeghali, ArkaSaurabh x Punjab Chhuhara, ArkaSaurabh x Best of All and ArkaAbha x Best of All resulted in significantly positive better parent and mid parent heterosis.ArkaSaurabh x ArkaMeghali was the best cross combination for Lycopene content and total soluble solids.

75-78
17

Title : Effectiveness of STMS Markers for Generating Unique DNA Profiles in Chickpea(Cicerarietinum L.) Germplasm

Authors : Ajaya Paliwal

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Chickpea is diploid (2n=2x=16) self-poillinated, third most important grain legume in world. India is largest producer and consumer of chickpea. Because of narrow genetic base, scope of improvement is much lesser in chickpea as compared to major cereal crops. Available germplasm must have to be systematically evaluated and uniquely identified with the help of modern technology like molecular markers. STMS markers has proved their worthiness in germplasm characterization in many major crops and they are proved to be useful in chickpea too. In the present study total 46 chickpea germplasm were uniquely identified with the help of 9 STMS loci. Out of them TA 72 was least polymorphic while TA 8 was highly polymorphic with 5 uniformly distributed diverse alleles. TA 8 has the maximum resolving power to distinguish between the different genotypes of chickpea germplasm.

79-83
18

Title : Goddess Life

Authors : Mukesh Chopra

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

This paper is based on the research work done on the life of Goddess Vaishnavi through predictions by various astrologers. It includes topics like Divinity, De-gripping, Husbands, Mind, Revenge and Purpose. She has 3 mothers: Saraswati, Kali and Lakshmi. She will lead a blessed life with the blessings of her 3 mothers. She is neither an incarnation of Goddess Lakshmi or Durga because she has an identity of her own. She is supposed to possess the powers of all 3 Goddesses.

84-86
19

Title : Environmental Education and Higher Education: An Interdisciplinary Teaching Challenge

Authors : Juliana Oliveira Santos, Victor Barbosa Dutra, Milton Ferreira da Silva Junior

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

There is an urgent need of connection between diverse areas of knowledge under an interdisciplinary approach in higher education, especially, in regard to environmental issues. The learning process in higher education should promote humanist, social and political formation. Environmental education should be integrated to social practices in order to achieve sustainable development, common good and quality of life. The study here reported is aimed at both checking if the environmental themes and related actions are inserted in political-pedagogical projects (PPP) and curricular activities of universities in Vitória da Conquista, State of Bahia, Brazil; and at evaluating if the educators are cognizant of and trained in environmental education. Results show deficiencies in PPP and in curricular activities regarding the environmental theme, what confirms the need to insert an effective environmental education awareness among students and teachers.

87-91