Click Here for
Track Your Paper
Close

Login Panel

Close tab

Password Meter

Volume 1 Issue 5

S.No. Title & Authors Page No View
1

Title : Effect of Self Curing Compound on Strength and Durability of M25 Mix Concrete

Authors : A Sreenivasa kumar , Dr.T Suresh Babu

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Today concrete is most widely used construction material due to its good compressive strength and durability. Depending upon the nature of work the cement, fine aggregate, coarse aggregate and water are mixed in specific proportions to produce plain concrete. Plain concrete needs congenial atmosphere by providing moisture for a minimum period of 28 days for good hydration and to attain desired strength. Any laxity in curing will badly affect the strength and durability of concrete. Self-curing concrete is one of the special concretes in mitigating insufficient curing due to human negligence paucity of water in arid areas, inaccessibility of structures in difficult terrains and in areas where the presence of fluorides in water will badly affect the characteristics of concrete. So many studies are done about the usage of Self curing concrete. In the present study, the affect of admixture (PEG-200) on compressive strength, split tensile strength at one percentage for M25 mix was studied and it compared with the properties of PEA( Poly Ethylene Alcohol). It was found that Poly Ethylene Glycol-200 is a good self curing agent when compared with Poly Ethylene Alcohol. The present Study was shown about a clear cooperate picture about the strengths of PEG-200 and PEA and its stress strain behaviour also shown clearly. This study gives a clear notation on Durability aspect also.   

01-04
2

Title : Radiation Processing of Meat and Meat Products An Overview

Authors : K. Jayathilakan , Khudsia Sultana, K. Jalarama Reddy, M. C. Pandey

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

More than three decades of research and development work on technological aspects of food irradiation have clearly demonstrated the practicability and efficacy of this technology. Radiation processing of food has now been recognised as an effective and safe process as compared to the conventional methods. Today nearly 60 different commodities are being radiation processed in more than 40 countries. The microbiological safety of irradiated meat and meat products is one of the major considerations. It is well known that the macro nutrients are not significantly altered; however certain vitamins may be affected. As a whole, irradiation of meat does not lead to nutrient losses to the extent that there is an adverse effect on the nutritional status of the individuals consuming these foods. After decades of research, development, public debate and consumer acceptance trials in many countries, irradiation has emerged as a safe and viable technology for ensuring the safety and quality of food as well as for combating food borne diseases. Indeed it is currently the best available technology suitable for treating raw and pre-cooked meat products and the countries which adopt it will be benefited greatly in both domestic and international trade.

05-12
3

Title : Incentives and Marketing of Higher Education

Authors : Dr. Seema Singh Rathore, Shikha Pareek

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

With the growing competition in higher education and the changes enforced by international, political, economic, cultural and societal expansions, which unavoidably lead to varying expectations of students’ inflowing advanced education, the educational institutions are paying more attention to the marketing strategies. The purpose of this paper is to develop a conceptual framework and to explore by the means of existing literature and theories the various incentives used to attract the potential students and for the marketing of higher education (HE) at different institutions. Increase extreme competition in the area of higher education makes it obligatory for higher education establishments to pierce into the high-class marketing of their chief components in terms of faculties, infrastructure facilities, placements, management policies, incentives for students etc. It is acknowledged that educational establishments have many customers: students, staff, faculty, alumni, donors, and others. This paper emphasizes on students the foremost customer of educational institutions and the incentives which are used to attract them. Different lucrative benefits are being used to increase the number of enrollments. All the Institutes want a big number of students with them and to sustain in this highly competitive environment they use various incentives in order to attract the potential students and to get higher number of enrollments. Higher education institutions are becoming increasingly aggressive in their marketing activities to convey an image that is favorable to the prospective students. The article is based on secondary data and shows that the various incentives which are used by the educational organizations in order to attract the potential students consist of rebate in fees for meritorious students, distribution of laptops or net books, scholarships, good infrastructure etc.

13-17
4

Title : ICT Computer Play and Childrens Development of Skills in Science

Authors : Kleopatra Nikolopoulou

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Play is a powerful mediator for learning throughout a person’s life, while ICT (Information and Communication Technologies or digital tools or computers) packages are often presented in a playful manner. This paper aims to explore the link between ICT and play, as well as the contribution of ICT-play on children’s development of different skills in science. It initially presents common features-characteristics of children’s traditional play and ICT-computer play. Such characteristics include the active involvement of the children, self-motivation, decision making, experimentation with new and different situations and the players’ high levels of engagement. Within the context of science education, ICT-computer play and children’s development of various skills are discussed. Examples of such skills include, technical-computer skills, numeracy skills, problem solving skills, abstract thinking, higher order cognitive skills, creativity, imagination and attention concentration. As children learn through play, some objectives could be more informal, so as to facilitate the development of skills within science lessons.

18-22
5

Title : Relativistic Alpha Field Theory -Part I: Determination of Field Parameters

Authors : Branko M. Novakovic

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

General Relativity Theory (GRT) cannot be applied to the extremely strong gravitational field at the Planck’s scale, because of the related singularity. Here we show that Relativistic Alpha Field (RAF) theory extends the application of GRT to the extremely strong fields at the Planck’s scale. This is the consequence of the following predictions of RAF theory: a) no a singularity at the Schwarzschild radius, b) there exists a minimal radius at r = (GM/2c2) that prevents singularity at r = 0, i.e. the nature protects itself, c) the gravitational force becomes positive (repulsive) if (GM/rc2) > 1, that could be a source of a dark energy, and d) unification of electrical and gravitational forces can be done in the standard four dimensions (4D). Predictions a) and b) are presented in the second part of this theory, while predictions c) and d) are considered in the third part of the theory. In this (first) part of the theory we present the solution of the field parameters in RAF theory. This solution is based on the assumption that the field parameters should connect geometry of the line element with potential energy of a particle in an alpha field. The solution of the field parameters is the key point in this theory. If RAF theory is correct, then it could be applied to the both weak and strong fields at the Universe and Planck’s scales giving the new light to the regions like black holes, quantum theory, high energy physics, Big Bang theory and cosmology.

23-30
6

Title : Relativistic Alpha Field Theory -Part II: Does a Gravitational Field Could be Without Singularity?

Authors : Branko M. Novakovic

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

General Relativity Theory (GRT) cannot be applied to the extremely strong gravitational field at the Planck’s scale, because of the related singularity. Here we show that Relativistic Alpha Field (RAF) theory extends the application of GRT to the extremely strong fields at the Planck’s scale. This is the consequence of the following predictions of RAF theory: a) no a singularity at the Schwarzschild radius, b) there exists a minimal radius at r = rmin = (GM/2c2) that prevents singularity at r = 0, i.e. the nature protects itself, c) the gravitational force becomes positive (repulsive) if (GM/rc2) > 1, that could be a source of a dark energy, and d) unification of electrical and gravitational forces can be done in the standard four dimensions (4D). Predictions a) and b) are presented in this (second) part of this theory. It has been shown that the metrics of the line element is regular in the region where radius is greater or equal to rmin and less than infinity. The predictions c) and d) are considered in the third part of the theory. The key point for the predictions of RAF theory is the solution of the field parameters presented in the first part of the theory. If RAF theory is correct, then it could be applied to the both weak and strong fields at the Universe and Planck’s scales giving the new light to the regions like black holes, quantum theory, high energy physics, Big Bang theory and cosmology. 

31-38
7

Title : Relativistic Alpha Field Theory - Part III: Does Gravitational Force Becomes Positive if (GM/rc2) > 1?

Authors : Branko M. Novakovic

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

General Relativity Theory (GRT) cannot be applied to the extremely strong gravitational field at the Planck’s scale, because of the related singularity. Here we show that Relativistic Alpha Field (RAF) theory extends the application of GRT to the extremely strong fields at the Planck’s scale. This is the consequence of the following predictions of RAF theory: a) no a singularity at the Schwarzschild radius, b) there exists a minimal radius at r = (GM/2c2) that prevents singularity at r = 0, i.e. the nature protects itself, c) the gravitational force becomes positive (repulsive) if (GM/rc2) > 1, that could be a source of a dark energy, and d) unification of electrical and gravitational forces can be done in the standard four dimensions (4D). Predictions a) and b) are presented in the second part of this theory, while predictions c) and d) are considered in this (third) part of the theory. In the first part of the theory we present the solution of the field parameters in RAF theory. In this (third) part of the theory we present the solution of the geodesic equations employing alpha field parameters in RAF theory. This solution for a gravitational field gives the prediction c) of RAF theory, while the related solution for unified electrical and gravitational field gives the prediction d) of RAF theory.  If RAF theory is correct, then it could be applied to the both weak and strong fields at the Universe and Planck’s scales giving the new light to the regions like black holes, quantum theory, high energy physics, Big Bang theory and cosmology.

 

39-47
8

Title : Current Control with Improved Anti-interference Ability for Grid-connected Inverters

Authors : Sijia Liu, Shengxian Zhuang

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

In order to improve anti-interference ability of current control in the grid-connected inverter, this paper presents a current control method based on the disturbance observer. According to the disturbance observer control principle, the model of closed-loop current control is used to design current disturbance observing controllers, which makes the change of three-phase grid voltages as external disturbance. This method can reduce the output current harmonics caused by the unbalanced voltages or the voltage distortion, and the simulation results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method.

48-50
9

Title : Etiological Classification of Bile Duct Dilatation and Proportion of Each Cause in 1430 Patients

Authors : Yunfu Lv, Xiaoyu Han1, Xiaoguang Gong, Haiying Wu, Ning Liu, Yanfen Hu, Jie Deng, Yejuan Li, Qingqing Li

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Objective: To investigate the etiology of bile duct dilatation and proportion of each cause. Methods: A retrospective study was performed by classification on clinical data collected from 1430 patients with bile duct dilatation in our hospital from January 2000 to December 2013.  Results: There were 90 patients with congenital bile duct cysts (6.3%) and 1340 with secondary bile duct dilatation (93.7%). In total, 22 categories of causes were identified. Among them, the top five were bile duct stones (n=476, 33.3%), pancreatic head carcinoma (n=179, 12.5%), periampullary carcinoma (n=159, 11.9%), cholangiocarcinoma (n=89, 6.2%), and chronic pancreatitis or pancreatic head cyst (n=80, 5.6%). Conclusion: The causes of bile duct dilatation can be classified into congenital and secondary categories. The former accounted for approximately 6.0% and the latter for approximately 94%. The most common causes were bile duct stones, pancreatic head carcinoma and periampullary carcinoma.

51-54
10

Title : Training and its Impact on Women Empowerment (A study of Maa Durga Shakti Educational Welfare Charitable Trust)

Authors : Chandni Jain

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Women position and involvement in taking decision and economic activities is not remarkable. Training plays very efficient and significant role to develop vocational skills and capacity to generate employment and income and to improve living condition. Various efforts has made by NGOs to encourage empowerment of women. The present research paper is a study of the impact of training on economic and social empowerment of women in jaipur district with special reference to the training program implemented by NGO ʺMaa Durga Shakti Educational Welfare Charitable Trust”. The result indicates that the impact of training on socio-economic empowerment of women is commendable.

55-58
11

Title : Characteristic Analysis of Sintered Glaze on Copper Metal Material Surface

Authors : Kuang-Chin Chen, Hui-Ming Wee, Shu-Lung Wang, Yueh-Hua Wang

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Glaze’s many properties, such as strong acid and alkali resistance, non-conduciveness, insolubility, and gas-impermeability, make it a great material to be used as protective membrane to prevent oxidation. The purpose of this study is to examine the Sintered Copper Sheet Metal Glaze Layer Technology. First, to find the best copper sheet metal glaze sintering method, Taguchi L16(45) orthogonal array was used to identify and determine sintering organically by examing different temperatures, firing times, the thickness of the copper metal. Then salt spray test was used to seek the strength of the glaze’s mechanical properties. By applying the optimal design parameters, we identified the significant control factors that determine the optimal sintered ceramic layer of the surface structure. Findings in this study could be further used to seek the optimal composition of metal and glaze in order to improve the yield of glaze related products.

59-62
12

Title : Mechanism and Role of Autophagy in Neural Stem Cells

Authors : Lu Li, Chang-Tai Xu

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Recent emphasis has been on autophagy of neural stem cells (NSCs), playing an important role in the innate and adaptive immune responses, although the mechanism is not very clear. Autophagy pathway function can be isolated by cell stress components, such as intracellular pathogens and damaged organelles, and prolong the life-span of cell. There are many types of autophagy and its role is to eliminate the useless and recover cellular components in the cells, as results to maintain normal metabolism, provide the necessary energy when hungry, and keep a steady state in other emergency conditions. Autophagy related gene plays an important role in the process of the occurrence and development of autophagy in NSCs, at the same time the autophagy pathways play synergistic effects with these genes. Any genetic changes are likely to occur in neurodegenerative diseases by autophagy. Autophagy can be induced, and can also be inhibited, and transformed into each other. In this paper, the effect and mechanism of autophagy and autophagy-related genes and the role of autophagy in NSCs, and the influence of nerve disease were reviewed.

63-68
13

Title : The Challenges of International Education: A Reflective Study

Authors : Ahabab Chowdhury

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Australia has observed a significant growth in international student enrolments in recent years. Previous studies show that due to globalisation, the number of international students has grown quite rapidly since 1997, and most of these are undertaking vocational education and training (VET) (Nakar, 2013, p. 80). According to Australian Education International (AEI), by the end of 2009, there were approximately 73,100 international student enrolments, especially in the VET sector (2010). Chinese and Indian student enrolments comprised the largest group (AEI, 2013). In considering the increased number of students enrolled in Australian VET colleges since 1997, this paper examines international education in Australia from my personal experience. This study highlights a challenge that the VET college in which I worked faced in 2009, which arose as a consequence of internationalised education.

69-71
14

Title : Asymptotic Behavior of a Class of Stochastic Differential Equations

Authors : Zaitang Huang

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

In this article, we address some conditions on invariant measure of Markov semigroups which ensures stochastic bifurcations of a wide class of stochastic differential equations with fractional Brownian motion. This leads to sufficient conditions on Hurst  parameter,drift and diffusion coefficients for a stochastic bifurcations of the families of random dynamical systems.According to the Hölder coefficient of the diffusion function around the singular point and Hurst  parameter, we identify different regimes. Interestingly, for the first time it is found that the Hurst parameter affects both bifurcation conclusions and large deviations which is significantly different from the classical Brownian motion process. This fact is due to the long-range dependence (LRD) property of the fBm.

72-84
15

Title : Efficacy of Coconut Oil in The Control of Acute Tungiasis

Authors : Gitau Anthony K. , Oyieke Florence Awino, Evan Mathenge

Click Here For Abstract

Cite This

Abstract :

Tungiasis is a disease caused by a jigger flea (Tunga penetrans). The flea turns into an ectoparasite once embedded on the host. It is a public health problem in Kenya, particularly in poor rural communities. There is therefore a need to explore the possibilities of developing local, innovative solutions to this problem. The efficacy of coconut oil in controlling tungiasis in a rural setting in Kenya was, evaluated with a view of developing a solution based on scientific data. A baseline survey was, carried out to assess infestation and severity of the disease. A severity score for acute disease was, used in the study. A cohort of 39 individuals, with varying degrees of infestation was, recruited for treatment and follow up. The recruited study participants were first examined for a period of 30 days followed by an intervention treatment with coconut oil applied twice daily for a period of ten weeks to prevent re-infestation.

The spearman rank correlation coefficient was, calculated to assess the significance of the association between the severity scores and infestation rate. The correlation coefficient was strong (r = 0.6). To compare findings before and after the intervention, the mean of each variable was determined for each patient during baseline assessment and during the intervention. The difference between baseline and after intervention results was, assessed using Wilcoxon matched pairs signed rank test and found to be significant. These results indicated that coconut oil could provide a reliable, simple and inexpensive means of controlling the disease.

85-92